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Fifty Questions On Islamic Monotheism

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

[Our Group – Click Here]

Q1) Who is your Rabb (the Lord, the Creator etc.)?
A. My Rabb is Allah (swt), Who has created me and all that exists. He nourishes me and all creatures by His Bounties.

Q2) What is your religion?
A. My religion is Islam, which is submission and obedience to the Order of Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saws) with love, hope and fear.

Q3) How did you know Allah (swt)?
I know Him by His signs and creation like the day and night; the sun and the moon; the heaven and the earth, and all that is there in and between them.

Q4) Where is Allah (swt)?
A. Allah (swt) is above the heavens raised over the Throne and separated from His creatures.

Q5) Is Allah (swt) with us (in person)?
A. Allah (swt) is settled over His Mighty Throne, but He is with us by His Knowledge, hearing, seeing and other attributes. As Allah (swt) said: ” He (Allah) said: “Fear not: for I am with you: I hear and see (everything).” [Al Qur’an – Surah Ta Ha (020:046)]

Q6) Who are the friends of Allah (swt)?
A. Those people are the friends of Allah (swt) who is pious and righteous, fear Him much abstain from all kinds of sins and perform all kinds of goods, and holdfast to the Qur’an and Sunnah.

Q7) How do you worship Allah (swt)?
A. I worship Allah (swt) in a manner in which all my Ibadaah is dedicated to Him Alone. I do not ascribe anyone with Him in worship.

Q8) Why did Allah (swt) send Messengers (as)?
A. Allah (swt) has sent Messengers (as) so that they call the people to worship Him Alone, not ascribing any partner with Him, and in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah (swt).

Q9) What is the meaning of Islam?
A. Islam means “submission to Allah (swt) with Tawheed”.

Q10) What are the pillars of Islam?
A. 1. Testimony of Faith (There is no true god except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)
2. To establish Salaat (prayers).
3. To pay Zakaat.
4. To observe Sawm (fasting) in Ramadan.
5. Hajj (pilgrimage to the Sacred House) if one can afford the journey.

Q11) What is Imaan?
A. Imaan (Faith) means to believe in the heart, to confess by the tongue and to act with the parts of the body.

Q12) Can there be any variation in Imaan?
A. By some words and deeds it may increase and by some words and deeds it may decrease.

Q13) What do you mean by increase and decrease in Imaan?
A. Imaan (Faith) increases by obedience to Allah (swt) and good deeds while it decreases by sins and evil acts.

Q14) What are the pillars of Imaan (Faith)
A. The pillars of Imaan are six. To believe in:
1. Allah (swt).
2. His Angels.
3. His Messengers.
4. His Books.
5. The Last Day.
6. Divine Preordainments good or bad.

Q15) What is Belief in Allah (swt)?
A. The Belief in Allah (swt) is that you should believe that Allah (swt) is the Sole Creator, Sustainer, Provider and the One in Whose Hand is the disposal of all affairs. Everything stands in need of Him, but He stands in need of none. He is the Only One Who is worthy of being worshipped. He has the Best Names and Perfect Attributes.

Q16) Who are the angels?
A. The angels are creatures of light. They are Allah’s (swt) obedient slaves, they do that which they are commanded and are incapable of disobedience.

Q17) What do you mean by Belief in the Book and the Messengers?
A. It means that Allah (swt) sent the Messengers (as) like Musa (Moses) (as), Isa (Jesus) (as), Ibrahim (Abraham) (as), Nuh (Noah) (as), Muhammad (saws) etc. and sent down the books like the Torah, Injeel, Zaboor (Psalms), Qur’an etc. to call the people to worship Allah (swt) Alone, associating nothing with Him. He sealed (finalized) the Messengers with Prophet Muhammad and abrogated all previous books with the Qur’an. Therefore the worship should be done according to the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet.

QI8) What is meant by Belief in the Last Day?
A. The Belief in the Last Day means to believe that Allah (swt) has ordained a fixed term for everything, and a term for this world. He will assuredly raise the dead from their graves and will account for everyone their deeds in this world. On that Day of Resurrection, rewards and punishments will be assigned. Every one will be justly rewarded or punished.

Q19) What is meant by Belief Preordainment (Qadar)?
A. The Belief in Preordainment (Qadar) means to believe that everything – good or bad – happens or takes place according to what Allah (swt) has ordained for it. He has created everything in due proportion.

Q20) What is the meaning of “There is no God but Allah (swt)”?
A. It means there is no true deity except Allah (swt) Alone, Negating all false gods and affirming that Allah (swt) is the only true God.

Q21) What is the meaning of “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (swt)”?
A. It means total submission (not submission as in “worship”, but as a leader) to him in whatever he ordered, and avoiding what he forbade and believing in all those matters he informed us about.

Q22) What are the conditions of the testimony of Faith?
A. There are seven conditions of the testimony of Faith:
1. Knowledge, which negates ignorance.
2. Certainty which negates doubt.
3. Sincerity and purity of intent which negates Shirk.
4. Truthfulness which negates hypocrisy.
5. Love and devotion which negates disdain of Allah’s (swt) religion.
6. Submission which negates disobedience.
7. Acceptance which negates rejection or denial.

Q23) What is the greatest thing that Allah (swt) has enjoined?
A. The greatest thing Allah (swt) has enjoined is Tawheed (Monotheism).

Q24) What is Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism)?
A. Tawheed means declaring Allah (swt) to be the only God who deserves to be worshipped in truth and confirming all attributes with which He has qualified Himself or that are attributed to Him by His Messenger (saws).

Q25) What are the aspects of Tawheed?
A. There are three aspects of Tawheed:
1. Tawheed-ar-Rububiyah (Lordship).
2. Tawheed-al-Uluhiyah (Worship).
3. Tawheed-al-Asma was-Sifat (Names and Attributes).

Q26) What is Tawheed-ar-Rububiyah?
A. It is declaring Allah (swt) to be One and Unique in His work (Iike creation, sustenance, bringing to life and causing death etc).

Q27) What is Tawheed-al-Uluhiyah?
A. It is declaring Allah (swt) as the Only God to whom all acts of worship must be dedicated such as Salaat (prayers), Zakaat, Sawm (fasting), supplications vowing etc.

Q28) What is Tawheed-al-Asma was-Sifat?
A. It is an affirmation of all the Divine Names and Attributes of Allah (swt) in a manner that suits His Majesty, as mentioned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

Q29) How would you describe Ibadaah?
A. It is a comprehensive word comprising deeds and words that Allah (swt) loves and is pleased with whether manifested or hidden.

Q30) What are the conditions of Ibadaah?
A. There are two conditions of Ibadaah:
1. Sincerity to Allah (swt).
2. Submission to Allah’s (swt) Messenger (i.e. to act according to his Sunnah).

Q31) Write some types of Ibadaah.
A. Some types of Ibadaah are the prayers, the obligatory charity, fasting, the pilgrimage, fear of Allah (swt), hope in His Mercy, Seeking His aid and other acts of worship, which Allah (swt) has commanded and enjoined.

Q32) What is the greatest thing Allah (swt) has forbidden?
A. The greatest thing Allah (swt) has forbidden is Shirk (polytheism).

Q33) What is polytheism?
A. It means to believe that there is one who shares Allah (swt) in His acts (i.e. ascribing partners or setting up rivals to Allah (swt) in His rights).

Q34) What are the types of polytheism?
A. There are three types of polytheism:
1. The greater polytheism (Shirk Akbar).
2. The lesser polytheism (Shirk Asghar).
3. The inconspicuous polytheism (Shirk Khafi).

Q35) What is greater polytheism?
A. The greater polytheism is to devote any form of worship to other than Allah (swt). Allah (swt) will never forgive one who dies upon Shirk, nor accept his good deeds, and he would be cast out from the folds of Islam.

Q36) What are the types of greater polytheism?
A. There are four types of greater polytheism:
1. The polytheism in invocation (i.e. involving supplications to other than Allah (swt)).
2. The polytheism in intentions (i.e. purpose and intentions not for the sake of
Allah (swt) but directed towards other deities).
3. The polytheism in obedience (i.e. rendering obedience to any authority against the Order of Allah (swt)).
4. The polytheism in love (i.e. showing love to others which is due to Allah (swt) Alone).

Q37) What is lesser polytheism?
A. The lesser polytheism is Ar-Riya that means the acts of worship done to gain praise or fame rather than to please Allah (swt) (i.e. showing off), this type of polytheism, however, does not cast the person committing it out of the fold of Islam.

Q38) What is inconspicuous polytheism?
A. The inconspicuous polytheism implies being dissatisfied with the conditions ordained by Allah (swt).

Q39) What is the proof of the inconspicuous polytheism?
A. The proof of the above Shirk is the saying of the Prophet (saws) “The inconspicuous polytheism is more hidden among this nation than the track of a black ant over a black stone on a dark night”. [Ahmad]

Q40) What are the types of Kufr (disbelief)?
A. There are two types of Kufr:
1. The major Kufr, which cast its people out of Islam,
2. The lessor or minor Kufr, which does not cast the one who commits it out of Islam. It is Kufr of ungratefulness.

Q41) What are the types of major Kufr?
A. There are five types of major Kufr:
1. The Kufr of denial.
2. The Kufr of arrogance associated with recognition of the truth.
3. The Kufr of doubt.
4. The Kufr of disregard,
5. The Kufr of hypocrisy.

Q42) What are the categories of hypocrisy?
A. There are two categories of hypocrisy:
1. Hypocrisy in Belief.
2. Hypocrisy in deeds and actions.

Q43) What is the hypocrisy in Belief?
A. Hypocrisy in Belief is of six types:
1. Denial of the Messenger (saws).
2. Denial of the thing with which the Messenger (saws) is sent.
3. Hating the Messenger (saws)
4. Hating the thing with which the Messenger (saws) is sent.
5. Rejoicing at the disgrace of Islam.
6. Disliking the prevalence of Islam.

Q44) What is the hypocrisy in deeds and actions?
A. The hypocrisy in deeds and actions is of five types:
1. When he speaks, he lies.
2. When he promises, he breaks it.
3. When he is entrusted, he betrays.
4. When he disputes, he acts immorally.
5. When he makes a pact, he makes acts treacherously.

Q45) Are good deeds accepted (by Allah (swt)) with the polytheism?
A. Never! None of the deeds are accepted when mixed with polytheism.
Allah (swt) says: “This is the guidance of Allah: He giveth that guidance to whom He pleaseth, of His worshippers. If they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them.” [Al Qur’an – Surah al An’am (006:088)]

Allah (swt) also says: “Allah forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right). [Al Qur’an – Surah an Nisa (004:116)]

Q46) What are the nullifiers of Islam?
A. The nullifiers of Islam are ten:
1. Polytheism of worship.
2. He who does not believe that the polytheists are disbelievers, or doubts their infidelity or holds their belief to be valid.
3. He who sets up intermediaries between ones’ self and Allah (swt), supplicating to them, trusting them and asking them to intercede on his behalf.
4. He who believes that the guidance of others is more perfect than the Prophet (saws).
5. He who hates anything that the Prophet (saws) was sent with.
6. He who denies the religion of the Prophet (saws) or ridicules its reward or punishment.
7. Sorcery.
8. Supporting the polytheists against the Muslims (i.e. spying against Muslims, fighting for an army that kills Muslims).
9. He who believes that some people are exempted from abiding by the Shari’ah as Khidr was exempted by the laws of Musa (as).
10. Turning away from the religion of Allah (swt) by neither learning nor applying it.

Q47) What are the three fundamentals that every Muslim must learn?
A. The three fundamentals are:
1. Knowing Your Rabb (the Lord, the Creator, the Sustainer, and the One in
Whose Hand is the disposal of all affairs).
2. Knowing your religion (Islam).
3. Knowing your Prophet Muhammad (saws).

Q48) What is Taghut?
A. Everything that is worshipped. or followed or obeyed other than Allah (swt) is Taghut.

Q49) How many Taghut are there and who are their leaders?
A. They are many but their leaders are Five.

Q50) Who are the leaders of Taghut?
A. They are:
1. Shaytan (Satan), may Allah (swt) curse him,
2. Anyone who is worshipped with his consent.
3. A person who calls the people, to be worshipped instead of Allah (swt) (i.e. Pharaoh).
4. A person who claims the knowledge of Ghaib (unseen, hidden, invisible, absent etc).
5. The ruler who rules by laws other than the Law sent down by Allah (swt).

Ten Steps To Memorising The Qur’an

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

[Our Group – Click Here]

Memorising the Qur’an is a great virtuous deed. It will intercede for the one who memorises it and will also act as prevention for one to enter Hell-Fire. According to ahadith, it is also narrated that Allah (swt) will never put a person in Hell-Fire who has any part of the Qur’an in his heart.

The ‘Golden Age’, as described by the classical scholars is between the ages 5 to 23 years. Definitely the golden age is the best time to memorise the Qur’an as it is the peak of a person’s memory. This age factor is a great bonus and aid for those wishing to memorise the Qur’an and should be utilised by the person immediately.

Below are 10 simple steps a person needs to practice in order to memorise the Qur’an fast and effectively:

1. Al Ikhlas – Sincerity.

The first step to ease the memorisation of the Qur’an is sincerity. The person must memorise the Qur’an for the sake of reward and to please Allah (swt). Not to show off, aim to impress others or in order to get a Job (e.g. as Imaam of the Mosque).

2. Correct the pronunciation and recitation.

Another factor that will help a person memorise the Qur’an is to correct the pronunciation and recitation of the Qur’an. This can be achieved by listening to a Qari’ whose style of recitation you like and makes you feel connected to the Qur’an.

3. Specify how many verses you want to memorise on a daily basis.

For example, commit yourself to memorise 3, 5, 10, 20…verses per day.

If you give yourself a target to memorise 3 verses per day, read the three verses you have memorised along with the new three verses you are trying to memorise (e.g. If you memorise 3 verses on one day, the next day you should memorise another 3 verses and repeat the verses you memorised the day before).

Another tactic to memorise the Qur’an is to keep repeating the verses at any opportunity with tajweed (tune). The tajweed will cause the person to enjoy the tune of recitation thus allowing the person to memorise that verse.

4. Do not exceed the limit of your day.

If you have committed yourself to memorising 5 or 10 (for example) verses per day then do not exceed it.

Commit yourself to a regular number of verses you wish to memorise everyday and do not change this pattern.

5. Memorise from only one copy of the Qur’an.

This is because in every Qur’an, the layout of the verses is different. If you memorise from one copy you will have a mental picture of the verse in your mind, whereas if you attempt to memorise from many different copies of the Qur’an, it could lead to confusion and difficulty in memorising the Qur’an.

6. Understanding is a mechanism of memorising.

Understanding the verses will definitely increase memorisation and also khushoo’ (ritual fear and focus) during salah.

7. Do not go to another chapter until you finish the chapter you are on.

Memorising the Qur’an in chapters is the best way to memorise the Qur’an as it will be easier to remember where you stopped last.

8. Do not listen to yourself all the time.

It is advisable to recite in front of someone who is Hafiz ul Qur’an (who has memorised the Qur’an) as this will benefit the hafiz and he will correct him on any mistakes he makes.

9. Continuity – Always recite to yourself, wherever you are.

It has been reported the Messenger Muhammad (saws) said that the Qur’an will run away from the tongue of a person faster than an untied camel. Make sure you are constantly reciting the Qur’an wherever you are (e.g. on the bus, whilst travelling, relaxing at home etc.).

10. Identify the patterns of the verses.

The Qur’an is Mutashaabihaat, which means that it has a pattern. Verses often look and sound like each other, which is a great way to memorise the Qur’an.

  • Difficulties in memorising the Qur’an:

For those who have passed the golden age, have disability or any hardship in memorising the Qur’an, it is advisable to have plenty of honey and black seed, which are natural remedies that aid memorisation as-well as cure sicknesses.

Written by al Muddaththir

June 9, 2008 at 2:13 pm

A Blessed Month

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 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

[Our Group – Click Here]

A blessed month is casting its shadow upon us
A night of this month is better than a thousand months
Bear with patience for the sake of Ar-Rahman
It’s a continuous training to strengthen our Imaan.

Glory be to Allah who sent Ramadan as a mercy to mankind
Its a purification of our soul, our heart, and our mind
With the most sincere devotion and love we fast
To be cleansed and free from sins of the past

Glorified is He, who choseth this holy month,
To test our sabr and fill our hearts with warmth
Of his Divine Light, His blessings shall glow,
The Seer of the unseen, all He does know

Ya Allah! For thee, let my breath be more pleasant than musk
Ya Allah! For thee, let me be thankful when day turns to dusk
My thoughts and heart are purified, my eyes truly see…
This blessed month, the month of spiritual rhapsody!

Ya Allah! For thee, my life I shall live!
Ya Allah! For thee, my soul I shall give!
In the name of Allah, the most Merciful, the most Kind,
Praise be to Allah, who sent Ramadan as a gift to mankind

For Allah(SWT) we fast from dawn to dusk;
For Him our breath is the fragrance of musk.
The muslims who pray and fast with zest;
Are aware of the rewards of this month manifest.

Throughout this month we weep and repent;
Now is the time to strongly lament.
And those who shun this sacred month;
on the Day of Reckoning will face the brunt.

In the last ten nights,hides the Night of Decree;
Allah(SWT) then awaits for his slaves to plea.
The angels descend with Gabriel(AS) in the lead;
To check on the steadfast and record every deed.

A feeling of grief now fills my heart;
As the month of Ramadhan will soon depart.
So lets make a start and worship Him alone;
Now that the worth of this month is known.

Written by al Muddaththir

June 8, 2008 at 2:22 pm

Thuglife – The Devil’s Deception

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

[Our Group – Click Here]

“Gangster”, “rude boy”, “bad man”, “G”… these are just some of the words that have been used to describe followers of the infamous thug life culture in the UK. Role models like 50 Cent, The Game and even (12 years on after his death) 2Pac are copied to such an extent that city streets are filled with boys smoking zoots (cannabis), girls that look like men and a society that are generally fearful of their youth.

The problem is further exacerbated by contradictions in government policy that seem determined to eradicate thug life from society yet promote the glamorization of its culture on TV channels such as MTV and radio stations like Choice FM and as a result, any counter strategy that is eventually employed has no impact.

Behind all the guns, ‘bling’ and captivating lyrics that come with thug life are some harsh truths that their promoters forget to mention. Here are only a few of them:

  • No respect for parents: parents are commonly lied to as well as ignored and money is frequently taken from them without their permission to finance expensive drug habits. It is also not rare to find parents on the receiving end of foul language and physical violence. The rapper Eminem is a good example to help illustrate this point.
  • Unwanted teenage pregnancies: due to the promiscuous or ‘loose’ nature of thug life role models, teenage girls are prone to unwanted pregnancies, which in turn lead to ruthless abortions or children with a bad upbringing.
  • Embarrassment for the future: ironically, because thug life is generally a youth culture, those who grow old lose touch with its progression and end up using worn out phrases like, ‘that’s dark man’ or listening to singers who turn out to be drug addicts or paedophiles. The generally lazy and drug dependent lifestyles also lead to diseases such as asthma and schizophrenia and the trademark ‘knee-low trousers’ as well as other symbolic clothing no longer suit the aging body.

Manmade Law Is the Problem

The root of the problem is the manmade law that generates a society desensitised to corruption. Parents are irresponsible allowing their children to listen to immoral music, freemix at parties then come down on them heavy handed if they utter foul language or walk home pregnant.

The youth are also left in a limbo, being semi-adults, physically mature yet given no real responsibility in life which in turn leaves them hunting for respect through other means; no understanding of the purpose of life is instilled in their hearts, of accountability to our Creator or the consequences of evil deeds and as a result the ‘inner-police’ or taqwa (piety) which is present in a Muslim is absent leaving their actions unrestrained.

Islam Is the Solution

Indeed thugs are not a new phenomenon and in fact they used to exist during the dawn of Islam. Umar bin al-Khattab (r) is a good example to demonstrate this point. He used to be engrossed in the ills of his society, worshipping idols, torturing men and women and even buried his own daughter alive (before Islam), yet when the light of Islam entered his heart, and the justice of the shari’ah (Islamic law) manifested in his actions he soon changed into an enviable role model. Other examples that are worth mentioning are individuals such as Tariq bin Ziyaad (r), a Muslim, who at the age of 17 led an army and with it conquered Spain.

Under Islam, the youth would not be left to their own whims and desires rather they will be given divine guidelines on how to live their lives. They will be given responsibility and treated like an adult from the moment they turn physically mature or reach the age of 15; marriage at a young age will be encouraged and respect for elders will be instilled in their hearts; fear of God and the Day of Judgement will help prevent negligent actions and because all corrupt role models and indecent culture will be banned the youth will be surrounded by a healthy environment encouraging justice and piety and dispraising anything to the contrary.

Those engaged in the thug life culture need ask themselves why they are in it and if in the long run it is really worth it – which it isn’t. If they have realised this point they should seriously look to Islam as the way forward for their lives.

Written by al Muddaththir

June 7, 2008 at 2:34 pm

The Revelation of the Qur’an

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

[Our Group – Click Here]

The Qur’an is the wondrous speech of Allah (swt), revealed to the seal of Prophets, Muhammad (saws), through the medium of Jibraeel [AS].The Qur’an has the effect of rendering man impotent and paralyzed if he dares challenge the Qur’an.

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِيَ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلاَ يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُواْ الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ اللّهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur’an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.
[Al Qur’an – Surah al Baqarah (002:185)]

Revelation of the Qur’an commenced on the 17 Ramadaan, when Prophet Muhammad (saws) was forty years old and in meditation in the cave of Hira. Jibraeel [AS] thrice hugged Nabi (saws) to his bosom, each time commanding Nabi (saws) to recite the word ‘Iqra’. Nabi (saws) replied, ”I do not know how to read”, each time. On the third occasion Jibraeel [AS] recited the first 5 verses of Surah Iqra. This was the commencement of revelation. Revelation then occurred in various forms:

1.Direct dialogue between Allah (swt) and His Rasul (saws)
3.Through Jibraeel [AS],in original, human and invisible form
4.By means of a tingling sound in Nabi (saws)’s ear

During Nabi (saws) time, the Sahaba (r) although they were illiterate, they expressed great enthusiasm in committing the Qur’an to memory. This is another remarkable feature which retained in the hearts of believers. The Qur’an was also compiled on paper, palm branches, flat stones and bones. Finally the Qur’an was compiled in the form that we presently have it due to the effort of Hazrat Abu Bakr (r) and Hazrat Uthman (r).As far as the merit of Ramadaan is concerned it has been said that Allah (swt) has chosen this month to reveal scriptures. Therefore we should take advantage of this month and increase the recitation of this divine Book. Nabi (saws) has mentioned that on the plains of Resurrection [when every person will approach its reciter in a very handsome and beautiful form, stand by his side and the following discussion will ensue:

Qur’an: Do you know who I am?
Reciter: No I don’t recognize you, please indentify yourself.
Qur’an: I am the one to whom you had shown so much honor and respect to in the world. For my sake you had remained awake at nights and recited me during the days.

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari:
The Prophet said, “The example of him (a believer) who recites the Qur’an is like that of a citron which tastes good and smells good. And he (a believer) who does not recite the Qur’an is like a date which is good in taste but has no smell. And the example of a dissolute wicked person who recites the Qur’an is like the Raihana (sweet basil) which smells good but tastes bitter. And the example of a dissolute wicked person who does not recite the Qur’an is like the colocynth which tastes bitter and has no smell.
[Sahih Bukhari]

Knowing that this auspicious month dawns upon us once a year and no one is guaranteed whether he’ll live to see the next Ramadhaan, let us make our decision now as to which reciter of the Noble Qur’an we would like to be categorized as.

Written by al Muddaththir

June 6, 2008 at 7:52 pm

Fasting the Six Days of Shawwaal

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

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Fasting six days of Shawwaal after the obligatory fast of Ramadaan is Sunnah Mustahabbah, not waajib. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast six days of Shawwaal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward. Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for him a reward as if he had fasted a whole year, as was reported in a Sahih Hadith from the Prophet (saws). Abu Ayyub (r) reported that the Messenger of Allah (swt) (saws) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan and follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.” [Muslim, Abu Dawud, at Tirmidhi, an Nasa’i and Ibn Majah]

The Prophet (saws) explained this when he said: “Whoever fasts for six days after (Eid) al-Fitr has completed the year: (whoever does a good deed (hasanah) will have ten hasanah like it).” According to another report: “Allah has made for each hasanah ten like it, so a month is like fasting ten months, and fasting six days completes the year.” [an Nasa’i and Ibn Majah]

It was also narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah with the wording: “Fasting for the month of Ramadaan brings the reward of ten like it, and fasting for six days brings the reward of two months, and that is the fasting of the whole year.”

The wisdom of fasting for six days after Ramadaan is that, since the good deeds of Muslims are multiplied by ten fold, he receives the reward for fasting 300 fast by fasting during the 30 days of Ramadaan.

Thereafter by fasting for six days after Ramadaan is that, he will obtain the reward of a further 60 days: so in total he will get the reward for fasting 360 days, it is as though he spent his entire year fasting.

Alhamdulillah, Allah (swt) makes it so easy for His servants to gain as much reward as possible. It is up to us to take advantage.

The Hanbali and Shafi’i fuqaha’ explained that fasting six days of Shawwaal after fasting Ramadaan makes it as if one has fasted for an entire year of obligatory fasts, because the multiplication of the reward applies even to nafil fasts, because each hasanah brings the reward of ten like it.

Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwaal is that is makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadaan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his nafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds, as the Prophet (saws) said: “The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their Salaat (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels – although He knows best – ‘Look at the Salaat of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.’ If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (nafil) prayers.’ If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allah (swt)] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.’ Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner.” [Abu Dawud]

And Allah (swt) knows best.

Written by al Muddaththir

June 5, 2008 at 7:09 pm

Eid ul Fitr

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

[Our Group – Click Here]

The Nature of the Eid Prayer – Sunnah or Fard?

The scholars differed concerning the ruling on Eid prayers. There are three scholarly points of view:

1. That Eid prayer is Sunnah Mu’akkadah (a confirmed Sunnah). This is the view of Imam Malik (r) and Imam al-Shafi’I (r).
2. That it is a communal obligation (Fard Kifayah), which if performed by some people others are exempt from it (i.e. Jihad fisabililLah). This is the view of Imam Ahmad (r).
3. That it is a duty for each Muslim and is obligatory for men; those who do not do it with no excuse are sinning thereby. This is the view of Imam Abu Hanifah (r), and was also narrated from Imam Ahmad. Among those who favoured this view were Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (r) and al-Shawkaani (r).

Those who held the third view quoted several texts as evidence, including the following:

1. The Verse in which Allah (swt) says: “Therefore pray to your Lord and make a sacrifice.” [Al Qur’an – Surah al Kawthar (108:002)]

Ibn Qudaamah (r) said in al-Mughni: The well known view is that what is meant by this is the Eid prayer.

Some of the scholars were of the view that what is meant in this Verse is prayer in general, not just Eid prayer, so what the Verse means is that we are commanded to devote our prayer and sacrifice to Allah (swt) Alone, so it is like the Verse in which He says: “Say: Lo! my worship and my sacrifice and my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the Worlds.” [Al Qur’an – Surah al Anam (006:162)]

This view concerning this meaning of the verse was shared by Ibn Jareer and Ibn Katheer.

2. The fact that the Prophet (saws) commanded the people to go out to it (the Eid prayer) and even commanded the women to go out too.

Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated that Umm ‘Atiyyah (r) said: The Messenger of Allah (saws) commanded us to bring them (women) out on (Eid) al-Fitr and (Eid) al-Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allah, what if one of us does not have a jilbab?” He said: “Let her sister lend her a jilbab.”

The evidence of this Hadith that the Eid prayer is obligatory is stronger than the evidence of the Verse quoted above.

Sheikh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said [Majmoo’ al-Fataawa]:
What I think is that the Eid prayer is Fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that it is not permissible for men to miss it, rather they have to attend, because the Prophet (saws) enjoined that. He even commanded the women – including virgins and those who usually stayed in seclusion – to come out to the Eid prayer, and he commanded menstruating women to come out to the Eid prayer, but told them to keep away from the prayer-place itself. This indicates that it is confirmed.

He also said:
What seems more likely to be correct in my view, based on the evidence, is that it is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that it is obligatory for every male to attend the Eid prayer apart from those who have an excuse.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said [Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (13/7)] concerning the view that it is Fard ‘ayn:
This view is more likely to be correct, based on the evidence.

Eid Salaat and the Women

It is better for women to go out to the Eid prayer. This was enjoined by the Prophet (saws).

Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated that Umm ‘Atiyyah (r) said: The Messenger of Allah (saws) commanded us to bring them (women) out on (Eid) al-Fitr and (Eid) al-Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allah, what if one of us does not have a jilbaab?” He said: “Let her sister lend her a jilbab.”

Al-Haafiz said:
This shows that it is mustahabb for women to come out and attend the Eid prayers, whether they are young or not.

Al-Shawkaani said:
This and similar Hadiths indicate that it is prescribed in Shari’ah for women to come out to the prayer-place, with no differentiation between virgins and non-virgins, young or old, menstruating or otherwise, so long as they are not going through ‘iddah (following divorce or death of their husband) or their coming out will be a cause of fitnah or they have an excuse.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked: what is better for a woman, to come out to the Eid prayer or to stay at home?

He replied:
It is better for them to go out to Eid prayer, because the Prophet (saws) enjoined that the women go out to the Eid prayer, even the adolescent girls and virgins – i.e., women who do not ordinarily go out. He commanded them to go out, and he told the menstruating women to go out but to keep away from the prayer-place. So menstruating women should go out with other women for Eid, but they should not enter the place where the Eid prayer is offered, because the Eid prayer-place is a mosque and it is not permissible for a menstruating woman to stay there, but it is permissible for her to pass through or to take something she needs from it, without staying there. Based on this we say: women are commanded to go out to the Eid prayer and join the men in this prayer, because of the goodness, dhikr and du’aa’ they may experience there.

He also said:
But they must go out looking decent, not wearing adornment, makeup or perfume, so that they may combine following the Sunnah with avoiding fitnah.

What some women do of wearing adornment, makeup and perfume is because of their ignorance and negligence on the part of their guardians. This does not cancel out the general shara’i ruling, which is that women are commanded to go out to the Eid prayer.

Takbeer of Shawwaal

At the end of Ramadaan Allah (swt) has prescribed that His slaves should recite takbeer. Allah (swt) says:
“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; and (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.“ [Al Qur’an – Surah al Baqarah (002:185)]

“That you must magnify Allah (swt)” means venerating Him in your hearts and on your lips, by pronouncing the takbeer.

So you should say: Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god except Allah, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allah).

Or you can say Allah u akbar three times, so you say:

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god except Allah, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great , Allah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allah).

Both are permissible.

This takbeer is Sunnah according to the majority of scholars. It is Sunnah for both men and woman, in the mosque, in the home and in the marketplace. Men should say it out loud, and women should say it quietly, because women are commanded to lower their voices. Hence the Prophet (saws) said: “If you notice something during the prayer, men should say ‘SubhanAllah (swt)!’ and women should clap.” So women should say the takbeer quietly and men should say it out loud.

The time for this takbeer begins when the sun sets on the night of Eid (i.e. the night before) if it is known that the new month has begun when the sun sets, such as when the people have completed thirty days of Ramadaan, or when it is proven that the new moon of Shawwaal has been sighted. And it ends when the prayer begins (i.e., when they start the Eid prayer then the time for the takbeer ends).

Written by al Muddaththir

June 4, 2008 at 9:16 pm