The Ultimate Muslim Warriors

Fearing not the blame of any blamer

What Is the Penalty of the One Who Breaks His Fast?

with 9 comments

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

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Anyone who does not fall into any of those four categories and still does not fast or breaks their fast, it is a MAJOR sin (kabeerah) upon them. If he broke the fast with something Haram, such as drinking alcohol, this makes his sin even worse. Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. The person then must make up for the day(s) missed.

There are three things a person who broke their fast intentionally must do:

1. Firstly, REPENT to Allah (swt) for doing that major sin and do more naafil deeds,
2. Secondly, the person has to make up for the missed/broken fasts.
3. Thirdly, the person has to find out how they broke their fast.

If they ate or drank then it is enough to repent and make up for the fasts missed/broken.

If the person broke the fasting by intercourse he should still fast for the rest of the day, but he has to make up the fast later on, and then there is an added penalty:

i) Free a slave (we cannot do that anymore in our time). If they cannot do so…
ii) Fast TWO months consecutively (non-stop, one after the other) after the day of Eid ul Fitr. So the person must fast the whole month of Shawwal and the whole month of Dhu al Qa’idah. If the person now breaks any of these penalty fasting days intentionally, they have to begin the whole two months again. O Muslim, fear Allah (swt) and do not unleash this penalty upon you.
iii) Now if the person cannot even fast for two consecutive months then in that case the third alternative penalty is to feed SIXTY poor people. You could if you want feed one person for sixty days or thirty people two times etc. Basically you have to pay for SIXTY meals.

A kind word of advice, do not get married in Ramadaan!

Narrated Abu Hurairah (r):
“While we were sitting with the prophet (saws), a man came and said, ‘O Allah’s apostle! I have been ruined.” Allah’s apostle (saws) asked what was the matter with him.
He replied, “I had sexual intercourse with my wife while I was fasting.”
Allah’s apostle (saws) asked, “Can you afford to manumit a slave?”
He replied in the negative.
Allah’s apostle (saws) asked him, “Can you fast for two successive months?”
He replied in the negative.
The prophet (saws) asked him, “Can you afford to feed sixty poor persons?”
He replied in the negative.
The prophet (saws) kept silent and while we were in that state, a big basked full of dates were brought to the prophet (saws).
He asked, “Where is the questioner?”
He replied, “I (am here).”
The prophet (saws) said (to him),
“Take this (basket of dates) and give it in charity.”
The man said, “Should I give it to a person poorer than I? By Allah (swt); there is no family between its (i.e. Medina’s) two mountains who are poorer than I.”
The prophet (saws) smiled till his pre-molar teeth became visible and then said, “Feed your family with it”.

The prophet being silent at one point meant that the burden was off the man’s shoulder until he could feed sixty people.
[Sahih Bukhari]

If a man wants to have intercourse with his wife but he breaks his fast by eating first, his sin is more serious, because he has violated the sanctity of the month on two counts, by eating and by having intercourse. It is even more certain in this case that expiation is obligatory, and if he tries to get out of it, that only makes matters worse. He must repent sincerely.

If a person is engaged in the act of intercourse and dawn comes, he is obliged to withdraw, and his fast will be valid even if he ejaculates after withdrawal, but if he continues having intercourse until after dawn, he has broken his fast, and he must repent, make the fast up later, and offer expiation.

If morning comes and a person is in a state of janaabah (impurity following sexual intercourse), this does not affect his fasting. He or she is permitted to delay doing ghusl, whether it is for janaabah or following menstruation or post-natal bleeding, until dawn has appeared (though well before sunrise), but it is better to hasten to do ghusl so that one can pray.

If someone accidentally/unintentionally drinks (any amount) or eats (any amount) or has intercourse during the days of Ramadaan there is no sin upon them. This is as they had no intention of breaking the fast. If someone is watching you when you are unintentionally breaking your fast then it is an OBLIGATION upon them to remind you that it is Ramadaan!

“If he forgets, and eats and drinks, then let him complete his fast, for Allaah has fed him and given him to drink.”
[Sahih Bukhari]

Those who need to break their fast in order to save someone whose life is in danger, may break their fast and should make it up later on. This applies in cases where someone is drowning, or when fires need to be put out.


Written by al Muddaththir

June 18, 2008 at 6:16 pm

9 Responses

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  1. Love to be here, so educative. Jazzakallahu aherran.

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    June 24, 2012 at 4:40 pm

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    July 6, 2014 at 6:34 am

  7. What can one do do if he/she breaks their fast intentionally because of illness?


    June 24, 2016 at 3:19 am

  8. I’m 12 and was fasting but got dizzy so decided to have a drink. Would this be considered a sin (I’m making up the fast after). I had just had gym class, so I didn’t want to harm myself.


    June 24, 2016 at 8:03 pm

  9. As salam Alaykum, What if the fast is an involuntary fast such as monday and Thursday fast? does the same judgement apply?

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