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What Are the “Muftirat” (Those Things From Which It is Obligatory To Refrain During the Fast, From Dawn To Sunset)?

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful

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1) Change of intentions (“I don’t want to fast anymore”).

It is narrated on the authority of Amirul Mu’minin, Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (r) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saws) say:
“Actions are (judged) by motives (niyyah), so each man will have what he intended. Thus, he whose migration (hijrah) was to Allah and His Messenger, his migration is to Allah and His Messenger; but he whose migration was for some worldly thing he might gain, or for a wife he might marry, his migration is to that for which he migrated.”
[Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim]

2) To eat.

3) To drink.

4) To have intercourse.

5) Vomiting intentionally (i.e. by putting finger in mouth) (by consensus of scholars). If the person vomited unintentionally then fast is not broken.

Narrated Abu Hurairah (r):
The prophet (saws) said: If one has a sudden attack of vomiting while one is fasting, no atonement is required of him, but if he vomits intentionally he must make atonement.
[Abu Da’ud]

A person who vomits deliberately, by sticking his finger down his throat or applying pressure to his stomach, or deliberately smelling a repulsive odor, or looking at something that could make him vomit, is obliged to make up the fast later on.

If he feels that he is about to vomit, but then it subsides by itself, this does not break his fast, because it is not something that he can control, but if the vomit comes into his mouth and he swallows it back down, this does break the fast.

If a person feels sick in his stomach, he does not have to suppress the urge to vomit, because this could cause him harm.

6) To cause an ejaculation (of seminal fluid only) with intention (i.e. masturbation or looking at certain things that may cause ejaculation). If ejaculation happens unintentionally then fasting does not break. He must repent to Allah and fast for the rest of the day, but he also has to make up that fast later on.

If a person starts to masturbate but then stops, and does not ejaculate, then he has to repent but he does not have to make the fast up later on, because he did not ejaculate.

7) If anything (i.e. water/food) reaches ones throat (with intention) then the fasting is broken. It is however allowed to taste something (i.e. check for saltiness in cooking) or chew something when fasting as long as it does not go beyond throat. However one is not encouraged to do so. It is also disliked (makrooh) to taste food unnecessarily, because this carries the risk that the fast may be broken.

The Sahaba (r) used to chew the dates when fasting and give them to their infants to eat.

If some dust enters your throat unintentionally (i.e. due to dusty wind) then fasting is not broken. If you enter it intentionally then fasting breaks.

8) Scholars say that intravenous injections (in the veins) break ones fasting (which gives nourishments) and an intramuscular injection (in the muscles) does not break ones fasting. Allah (swt) knows best. To be on the safe side all of these injections should be given after Iftaar and before the ending of suhur.

9) Cupping.

Ibn Taymiyah suggested that the one who has cupping done breaks his fast, but the one who does it does not break his fast.

10) Blood transfusions.

11) Kidney dialysis.

12) Smoking breaks the fast, and it cannot be used as an excuse not to fast. How can a sin be taken as an excuse?!

  • Smoking And Trading Cigarettes:

    Question:
    What is the Islaamic ruling regarding one who trades in cigarettes which are sold under licence from the cigarette company?

    Response:
    Smoking is haraam, growing tobacco is haraam, and trading in it is haraam, because of the great harm which it causes. And it was narrated in the hadeeth:

    ((There should be no causing harm nor reciprocating harm)),

    and because it is (regarded as) one of the evil things (al-khabaa.ith).

    Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says, in describing the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam):

    {he allows them as lawful at-Tayyibaat [all good and lawful things] and prohibits them as unlawful al-Khabaa.ith [all evil and unlawful things]}, [Soorah al-A’raaf, Aayah 157].

    And Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says (interpretation of the meaning):

    {They ask you what is lawful for them. Say: ‘Lawful unto you are at-Tayyibaat [all good and lawful things]}, [Soorah al-Maa’idah, Aayah 4].

    And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

    The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, comprising –
    Head: Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz;
    Deputy Head: Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee;
    Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Ghudayyaan;
    Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Qu’ood
    Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 13, Page 31, Question No.1 of Fatwa No.4947
    [www.fatwa-online.com]

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Written by al Muddaththir

June 17, 2008 at 6:19 pm

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