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Advice For Those About To Perform Hajj

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah (swt), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

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These are some pieces of advice and useful points which I offer to our brothers about to make Hajj.

Firstly. The pilgrim must fear his lord by obedience to Him, and must be very careful not to fall into that which Allaah has forbidden as Allaah ta’la says:

“For Hajj are the months well-known. If anyone undertaken that duty therein, let there be neither obscenity nor wrangling in the Hajj.” [Surat-al-Baqarah ayah 197]

And the prophet said: “He who performs Hajj and does not speak obscenely or commit evil then he returns from his sins just as the day his mother gave birth to him”, and if he did so then his Hajj would be accepted and Rasoolullaah said: “The accepted Hajj – there is no less a reward for it than Paradise. (1) So he must be aware of what many are affected by because of their ignorance or misguidance:

(A) Directing any form of worship to other than Allaah (shirk). And we have seen many of the people falling into shirk – like praying fro the removal of distress or aid from the Prophets and the pious instead of from Allaah alone, and their taking oath by them in veneration of them – so by their actions they completely nullify their Hajj. As Allaah ta’ala says (Soorat-ul-Zumar ayah 65)

“If you were to join gods with Allaah, truly fruitless will be you work (in life).”

(Some men shaving off their beards – as it is a sinful deed – and doing it involves four separate sins – as I have explained in ‘The Original’.

(C) The wearing of gold rings by men – and this is Haraam – even more so those which are known as wedding-rings as that includes the further sin of imitating the Christians.

Secondly. Everyone who intends to make Hajj and has not brought the sacrificial animal (Hadee) with him (2) then he should intend to perform Hajj of Tamattu’ [see the Glossary] – as the Prophet ordered his companions to do in the end, and as he became angry when some did not immediately carry out this order to change the intention from Hajj to an ‘Umrah and he said: “I have entered the `Umrah into the Hajj until the Day of Resurrection”, and when some of the Companions asked whether he had done that only for that year or forever, the Prophet joined his fingers together and said: “I have entered the ‘Umrah into the Hajj until the Day of Resurrection, not just for a time, rather forever. (3) And because of this he ordered Fatimah and also all his wives – may Allah be pleased with them all – to leave the state of ihram after finishing the ‘Umrah, and therefore Ibn ‘Abbas used to say: Whomsoever makes tawaf of the House – then he has left ihram – the Sunnah of your Prophet – even if you are averse to it. (4) So everyone who has not brought the sacrificial animal with him, should call out that he is going to make ‘Umrah – in the three months of Hajj, and he who has declared his intention to do Hajj Mufrad (Hajj on its own) or Hajj Qaarin then hears of the Prophet to change it ‘Umrah – then he should quickly obey even after reaching Makkah and Sa’ee between Safaa and Marwah – then he should leave the state of ihram – then declare the intention for Hajj on the Day of Tarwiyyah – the 8th of Dhul Hijjah.

“O you who believe! Give you response to Allaah and His Messenger, when He calls you to that which will give you life…”[Soorat-ul-Anfal ayah 24].

Thirdly. You must not leave off staying the night at Mina on the night before ‘Arafah as it is obligatory (waajib) – the Prophet did it and ordered it with his saying: “Take from me your rites of pilgrimage.” And you must also stay the night at Muzdalifah until you pray Fajr prayer, and if you miss this staying then you must at least pray Fajr there – as that is even more obligatory – rather it is one of the rukn (pillar) of Hajj according to the most correct saying according to the scholars – except upon the woman and the weak – for it has been allowed for them to leave after half of the night has passed.

Fourthly. And be very careful not to walk directly in front of anyone praying in the Haraam mosque, not to speak of other mosques and prying places as the Prophet said: “If the one walking between the hands of one praying knew what were upon him then it would be better for him to stand still for forty (…) than that he should walk between his hands. [Maalik, al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, the 4 Sunan of Abu Juhaim]. And this is a general text covering everyone walking in front, and everyone praying – and there is no authentic Hadith to make any exception for the one doing so in the Haraam Masjid – and you should pray therein like any other place towards a sutrah – according to the general nature of the Hadith regarding that – and there are also some narrations from the Companions particularly about the Masjid-ul-Haraam – which I have mentioned in ‘The Original’.

Fifthly. The people of knowledge should teach the pilgrims the rites of Hajj and its commands according to the Book and the Sunnah whenever meeting with them, and that should not stop them from calling to Tawheed which is the essence of Islaam and was the reason for sending of the Prophets, and the sending down of revealed books, as most of the people whom we have met – even some of those who are supposed to be seeking knowledge – we have found to be in complete ignorance of the real meaning of oblivious to the necessity of the return of the Muslims – upon their differing madhabs (schools of thoughts) and various parties – to unification and joining ranks upon the basis of the Book and the Sunnah, – in belief (Aqeedah) and Regulations (AHkaam) and transactions, and behaviour, and politics and economic affairs and all other aspects of life. And they must remember that any voice raised or any movement made to reform which is based upon any foundation other than this firm splitting and weakening of the Muslims – and will increase their shamefulness and humiliation – and the present state of affairs is the greatest proof of that – and Allaah is the One Whose help is sought.

And there is nothing wrong with debating in the best way – when required, as the kind of argumentation that is forbidden in Hajj is useless argument which is also forbidden outside Hajj, just like the evil-doing that is forbidden in Hajj – for that is not the debating which is commanded in Allaah ta’ala’s saying [Soorat-un-Nahi aya 125].

“Invite (all) to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching, and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious…”

However, it should be noticed that if it appears that there is no benefit in the discussion because of the other persons blindly sticking to his madhab or own opinion – and if he were to continue then there is fear of going into that which is not permissible – then it is better to leave that argument with him as the Prophet said: “I am a claimant for a house in the outskirts of Paradise for one who leaves off arguing even if he is in the right…(6)

  • Footnotes:

1. Reported by Bukhaaree, AHmad, An-Nasaa’ee & Ibn Maajah from Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him. See ‘Silsilat-ul-Ahadeeth-us-Saheehah’ (no. 1200) and ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no. 769).

2. As is the case with most pilgrims these days – and it is very rare for one of them to bring the sacrificial animal along with him as the Prophet did. So he who does so, then there is no blame upon him – however one who does not bring it with him and still does Hajj Qaarin or Faarid – then he has gone against the Prophet’s action and his command – even though the people may be averse to this point. As Ibn Abbas said- reported by Muslim (4/58) and AHmad (1/278,342).

3. See ‘SaHeeh Abi Dawud’ (nos.1568 and 1571).

4. And his basis for saying that is the saying of the Prophet: Verily Allaah has entered the ‘Umrah into this Hajj of yours, so when you come – then he who has made tawaaf of the House and between Safaa and Marwah – then he has become Halaal (left iHraam) except he who had the sacrificial animal with him. (Sahih A.D., nos.1573, 1580).

5. And that does not negate what is narrated from ‘Umar and others that Hajj Mufrad is better because of what I have stated in the Original. And I have found also that Ibn Taimiyyah explains that to mean singling out ‘Umrah in his journey and Hajj in his journey. See Majmoo al-Fataawaa, Vol.26, as it is important.

6. Hasan hadith. See ‘Saheeh ul-Jaami us-Sagheer’ (no.1477).

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