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Assuming Ihraam

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah
(swt), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

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  • Assuming Ihraam:

(Ihraam is the state entered into at the Meeqat in which certain acts and types of clothing are forbidden).

1. It is mustaHabb for anyone going for Hajj or ‘Umrah to take a ghusl (bath) for ihraam – even if a woman is in her period or in after-birth confinement.

2. Then the men may wear whatever clothes he wishes that are not made in the shape of the body – and these clothes are called by the fuqahaa (religious scholars) “ghair al mukheet (unstitched)”. So he wears a ridaa (upper garment) and izaar (lower garment) or whatever, and sandals or any footwear that does not cover the ankle-bone.

3. He does not wear a hat or an ‘imaamah (turban) or anything like that which fits onto and covers the head – this referring only to men. As for the women – she does not remove anything of the clothes that are prescribed for her in the Shari’ah, except that she should not tie on the niqaab(8)(face-veil) or the burqa’ or the lithaam (lower face cover, up to the eyes) or handkerchief and she should not wear gloves(9). And the Prophet said: “The muHrim should not wear the shirt, or the ‘imaamah, or the hooded cloak, or trousers, or garment touched by wars (dyes with saffron) or saffron; or leather socks – unless he cannot find sandals) then in that case he may wear leather socks), (10)” and the Prophet said: “The woman muHrim should not affix a face veil and should not wear gloves (11). And it is permissible to for the women to cover her face – even if it touches her face according to the correct opinion – however, she should not tie it on, as Ibn Taymiyyah says.

4. He may put on the clothing of iHraam before the meeqat even in his own house as the Prophet and his Companions did. And this makes it easier for those making Hajj by aeroplane for whom it is not possible to put on iHraam at the meeqat – so it is permissible for them to embark on the plane in iHraam, but they do not make the intention of iHraam until very shortly before the meeqat – in order that they do not go past the meeqat without iHraam.

5. He may use body oil and perfume himself with any perfume he please which was has odour but not colour, however, women use that which has colour not but no odour – and all this to be before he makes intention of iHraam at the meeqat – after that is Haraam.

  • Ihraam and Niyya (intention):

6. So when he comes t the meeqat it becomes waajib (obligatory) for him to assume iHraam – and the mere wish and intention to perform Hajj is not sufficient as that has been with him since leaving his own land – rather he must perform by word and action what will cause him to be muHrim. So when he recites `talbiyyah’ intending to enter into iHraam then his iHraam is concluded – as agreed upon by the scholars.

7. And he does not say anything more than the talbiyyah such as their saying: “O Allah, I intend to make Hajj or `Umrah so make it easy for me and accept it from me…” as none of this is reported from the Prophet – just like speaking with the intention for wudoo and salaat and Fasting – all of this being from the newly invented matters and is well-known the Prophet said: “…for every newly invented matter is an innovation, and every innovation is a going astray and every going astray is in Hellfire.” [Tirmidhee – saHeeh]

  • The Meeqaats:

8. The meeqaats (places for assuming iHraam) are five: Dhul Hulaifah, Al-Juhfah, Qarn-ul manaazil, Yalamlam and Dhaatu `Irq. They are for those who live there and those who pass by them intending Hajj or ‘Umrah. And he whose house is nearer than them to Makkah then he makes iHraam from his house, the people of Makkah making iHraam from Makkah.

DHUL HULAIFAH is the place for the people of Madinah and is a village six or seven miles away – and it is the furthest meeqaat from Makkah – being ten riding stations away – or less depending on the route, there being many routes from there to Makkah as Ibn Taimiyyah points out. And it is called ((waadi ul `Aqeeq,)) and its masjid is called ((Masjid-ush-shajarah)) (mosque of the Tree), and there is spring there called `the spring of `Ali’ by the ignorant masses – believing that `Ali: killed a jinn there – and that is a lie.

And AL-JUHFAH is a village between Madinah and Makkah – about three travel stages away. It is the meeqat for the people of Madinah if they come by this route. Ibn Taimiyyah said: “It is the meeqaat for those who make Hajj from the direction of the west, like the people of Shaam (Greater Syria) and Egypt and the rest of the West. And it is today ruined and deserted, therefore the people now go into iHraam before it in the place called “Raabigh”.

And Qarn UL MANAAZIL – which is also called “Qarn-uth-Tha’aalib” is near Makkah – being a day and night’s journey away – and is the meeqaat for the people of Najd.

And YALAMLAM is a place two nights distant from Makkah, thirty miles away and is the meeqaat for the people of Yemen.

And DHAATU TRQ is a place out in the desert, marking the border between Najd and Tihaamah, being forty-two miles from Makkah. It is the meeqaat for the people of Iraq.

  • The Prophet’s order to perform Hajj ut-Tamattu:

9. So when he wishes to make iHraam and is making Hajj-ul-Qirran, having brought the sacrificial animal with him, he should say: labbaikallaahumma bi-hajjah wa umrah

(Here I am O Allah making Hajj and `Umraah). So if he hasn’t brought the sacrificial animal – and that is better – then he says talbiyyah for `Umrah only and that he must do, saying labbaikallaahumma bi-`umrah.

So if he has already made talbiyyah for Hajj only, he cancels that and makes it into an `Umrah – as the Prophet ordered that and also said: “I have entered the Hajj until the Day of Judgment” and he joined his fingers together (as in the Hadith that has preceded).

He also said: “O family of Muhammad – whoever from you makes Hajj, then let him say talbiyyah of an ‘Umrah in Hajj (12)” and this is At-Tamattu’ of `Umrah with Hajj.

  • Making condition:

10. And if he wishes when making talbiyyah he may state a condition to Allah fearing that which may prevent him (from completion of the Hajj) whether illness or fear – saying as the Prophet taught: allaahumma mahillee haithu habastanee

(O Allah my place is wherever you prevent me).(13) So if he does that and is then prevented or becomes ill – then he may leave iHraam of the Hajj or `Umrah – and there is no recompensatory sacrifice due upon him and he does not have to do the Hajj again, except and unless it was his first Hajj – then he has to repeat it.

11. There is no special prayer for iHraam, however if it is time for prayer before iHraam, then he should pray and then put on iHraam following the example of the Rasoolullah who put on iHraam after prying zuhr.

  • Prayer in waadee ul’aqeeq:

12. However he whose meeqaat is Dhul Hulaifah – then it is mustahabb for him to pray there, not for iHraam, but because of the place and its being blessed. As al-Bukhaari has narrated from Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – who said: “I heard the Rasoolullah say in waadi ul ‘Aqeeq:” “Someone came to me this night from my Lord and said: Pray in this blessed valley, and say `Umrah with Hajj (14)” And Ibn ‘Umar narrates from the Prophet: “…that he saw, when alighting for sleep at the end of the night in Dhul Hulaifah in the center of the valley, one saying to him: you are in the blessed stony ground.”(15)

  • Innovations Before Ihraam:

1. Abstaining from travel in the month of Safar, and abstaining from beginning any action such as marriage or building in it.

2. Abstaining from travel in the second half of the month or because the moon is positioned in the constellation of the Scorpion.

3. Abstaining from cleaning the house and sweeping it because a traveller is about to leave.

4. Praying two ra’kahs when leaving for Hajj – reciting in the first Surat-ul-Kaafiroon and in the second Surat-ul-Ikhlaas, then after finishing saying : “O Allaah I have gone out for You and am heading towards You…” then reciting Ayat-ul-Kursi and Surat-ul-Ikhlaas, and the Last two surahs – and other things which occur in certain fiqh books.

5. Praying four ra’kahs before leaving.

6. Reciting by the one intending Hajj of the end of Surah Al Imraan, Ayat ul Kursi, Surat uz-Zilzall a and Surat ul-Faatihah -when leaving the house – claiming that thus will all his problems of this world and the next solved.

7. Making Dhikr and Takbeer loudly upon the leaving or arrival of the pilgrims.

8. Giving adhaan upon departure of the pilgrims.

9. Conveying the covering for the Ka’bah and celebration upon clothing the Ka’bah. (120)

10. Some nations seeing off the pilgrims accompanied by music!

11. Traveling alone ‘taking only Allaah as companion’ as some of the Sufis claim!

12. Traveling without provisions claiming that is tawakkul (depending upon Allaah)!

13. Traveling in order to visit the graves of the Prophets and pious people.

14. A man making agreement with a married woman who is about to make Hajj and has no mahram, that he will be for her as a mahram. (121)

15. A woman taking a non-related man as her brother so that he can be a mahram for her – and then treating him as a mahram.

16. A woman traveling together with a group of trustworthy women – as they claim – without a mahram – and similarly traveling along with a man who is a mahram for one them – claming that he is mahram for all of them!

17. Taking a tax from the pilgrims intending to perform the obligatory duty of Hajj.

18. The traveler’s praying two ra’kahs every time he makes a halt and saying “O Allaah make my stop a blessed stop and You are the best of hosts.”

19. The traveler’s reciting every time he makes a stop Surat ul-Ikhlaas ten times, and Ayat ul-Kursi and the Ayah “WA MAA QADAROOLLAAHA HAQQA QADRIHI” once.

20. Eating onions from every land which he enters.

21. Going to a particular place intending good thereby and while not being recommended by the Sharee’ah, such as those places about which it is said: “In it is remnant of the Prophet”, as is said about the Dome of the Rock, and Mosque of the Footprint towards Damascus, and the tombs of the Prophets and pious.(123)

22. Unsheathing of weapons upon reaching Taabook.

  • Footnotes:

8. It is the face-cover worn upon the tip of the nose. And it is of different types. If she pulls it up to her eyes then it is called ‘Al-Waswasah’ or ‘Al-Burqa’. If she pulls it down to below the eye socket then it is ‘Al-Niqaab’, and if it is upon the end of her nose it is ‘Al-Lukfaam’. It is called the woman’s niqaab because it hides her colour of the niqaab (Lisaan ul ‘Arab 2/265-266).

9. Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah says in his ‘Mansik’ (p.365): “And the gloves (Quffaazaat) are a covering made for the hand- like falconers wear….”

10. Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah says in his ‘Mansik’: “And he should not cut them down to below the ankle, as the Prophet ordered with this to begin with, then made allowance for not doing do in ‘Arafaat, when allowed one not finding an izaar to wear trousers, and allowing one who does not find sandals to wear leather socks (khuff). This is the most authentic saying of the scholars”.

11. Bukhaaree and Muslim, Sahih Abi Dawud (no.1600).

12. Al-Ahadeeth-us-Saheehah. (no.24569).

13. Bukhaaree and Muslim, Saheeh Abi Dawud no. 155.

14. Bukhaaree and others

15. Sahih Abi Dawud, (no.1579), Mukhtasar Sahih ul Bukhaaree, (no. 761-762). Ibn Hajar says in ‘Fath-ul-Baree’ (3/311) – “This shows that the excellence of al-Aqeeq valley is like the excellence of Madinah are like prayer therein….”

120. And this innovation was stopped many years ago-al-hamdulillah-however the one after it remains in its place and in Al-Baajoorees explanation of Ibn ul-Qaasim (1/41) there occurs: “And it is forbidden to go for a pleasure trip to see the carrying of the Ka’bahs covering and the coverings of the Station of Ibrahim, etc.

121. And this and the one after it are some of the most wicked innovations because of what they contain regarding use of tricks to get around the Sharee’ah and the risk of falling into shameful actions as is obvious.

122. See 121.

123. And it is authentically reported from ‘Umar – may Allaah be pleased with him – that he saw some people while on the way to Hajj going to a certain place, so he said: What is this? So it was said: A place where Rasoolullah prayed. So he said: In this way where the People of the Book destroyed. They took the places connected with there Prophets as a place of prayer. Whomsoever of you reaches such a place at the time of prayer then let him pray, otherwise he should not do so.

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Written by al Muddaththir

January 27, 2005 at 1:19 pm

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