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Talbiyyah and Raising the Voice

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah (swt), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

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  • Talbiyyah and raising the voice:

13. Then he said he should stand (16) facing the Qiblah, and say talbiyyah for `Umrah or Hajj as has proceeded, and say: allaahumma haadhihi hajjah, laariyaa’a feehaa wa laa sum’ah
(O Allah this is a Hajj, there being no ostentation in it or hypocrisy). (17)

14. And he should say the talbiyyah of the Prophet:

(i) labbaikallaahumma labbaika labbaika laa shareeka laka labbaika-innal hamda wan na’mata laka wal mulka-la shareeka laka

(Here I am O Allah, here I am, there is no partner for You, here I am, Verily all praise for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours – You have no partner.)

(ii) And he also said: labbaika ilaahal haqq
(Here I am O God of Truth.)

15. And it is better to stick to the talbiyyah of the Prophet, even though it is permissible to increase upon it – as the Prophet approved of those who did so, saying: “labbaika dhal ma’aarij, labbaika dhal fawaadil”.
(of the Ways of Ascent, Here I am Owner of Excellence.) And Ibn `Umar used to also say: “labbaika wa sa’daika wal khairu biyadaika war-raghabaa’u ilaika wal `amalu”

(Here I am and blessed by You, and all good is in Your Hands, and desire and action are directed towards You.)(18)

16. And the one saying the talbiyyah is ORDERED to raise his voice with it, as the Prophet said: “Jibreel came to me and ordered me to ordered my companions and those with me to raise their voices with talbiyyah.”(19) And he said: “the best Hajj is shouting out and spilling blood. (20)

Therefore the companions of the Prophet when they entered into iHraam, by the time they reached `ar-Rauhaa’ their voices had tired out. (21)

And the Prophet said: “It is as if I am looking at Musa, upon whom be peace, descending from the mountain pass raising his voice with talbiyyah…”(22)

17. And women, as regards the talbiyyah, are like men – as the two preceding hadith are general – so they should raise their voices as long as there is no fear of fitnah. And `Aa’ishah used to raise her voice until the men could hear her. Abu `Atiyyah said: “I heard `Aa’ishah saying: Verily I know how was the talbiyyah of Rasoolullah, then I heard her after that saying: Labbaikallaahumma labbaika…”(23)

And Qaasim ibn Muhammad said: Mu’aawiyyah went out at night and heard the voice of someone making talbiyyah, so he said: `Who is that?” It was said: “`Aa’ishah, Mother of the Believers, making `Umrah from at-Tan’eem.” So that was mentioned to `Aa’ishah so she said: “If he had asked me I would have told him.”(24)

18. And he continually repeats the talbiyyah as it is “from the signs of Hajj”(25) and because of the Prophet’s saying: There is no one who makes talbiyyah except that whatever is on his right and left – trees and stones also make talbiyyah until the earth resounds from here and here – meaning – on his right and left.”(26)

Especially whenever he ascends a high place or descends a valley – according to the hadith which has preceded: “It is as if I am looking at Musa – upon whom be peace – coming down from the mountain pass….loudly reciting talbiyyah” and in the other hadith: “It is if I am looking towards him when he descends in the valley reciting talbiyyah”.(27)

19. And he may also recite along with it “La ilaaha illallaah” and talbiyyah according to the saying of Ibn Mas’ood may Allaah be pleased with him – “I went out Rasoolullah and he did not leave off the talbiyyah until he stoned Jamrat-ul’ Aqabah – except when he mixed it with reciting talbiyyah? or “La ilaaha illallaah”.(28)

20. So when he reaches the haram of Makkah and sees the houses of Makkah he leaves off the talbiyyah to concentrate on the following actions (29)

  • Taking Ghusl for entering Makkah:

21. And whoever can take a ghusl (bath) before entering Makkah then he should do so. And he should enter Makkah in the day following the example of Rasoolullah. (30)

22. And he should enter from the upper part of Makkah which today has Bab ul Mi’laah as the Prophet entered from the upper pass (Kadaa’)(31) above the graveyard, and he entered the masjid from Bab Bani Shaibah as that was the nearest way to the Black Stone (Al-Hajrul-Aswad).

23. And he is allowed to enter by any path as the Prophet said: All of the mountain passes of Makkah are a pathway and place for slaughter and in another hadith, All of Makkah is a pathway. He enters from here and leaves from here. (32)

24. So if you enter the masjid do not forget to enter by the right foot, (33) and say (34)
allallhumma salli `alaa muhammadin wa sallim – allaahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika or a’oodhu billaahil `azeemi wa biwajhihil kareem wa sultaanihil qadeemi minash shaitaanir rajeem.

25. And when he sees the Ka’bah he raises his hands if he wants to – as it is established from Ibn `Abbaas. (35)

26. And there is no du’aa established from the Prophet at this point. So he may make du’aa with Whatever he can if he wishes with the du’aa which is established from `Umar (36)

allaahumma anta salaamu wa minkas salaamu fahayyinaa rabbanaa bissalaam

  • Innovations of Ihraam and Talbiyyah, etc.:

23. Taking a particular sort of shoe with certain conditions well-known in certain books.

24. Entering the state of iHraam (not merely putting on the clothing) before the meeqat.

25. Wearing the iHraam under the right armpit and over the left upon assuming iHraam.

26. Making intention by words.

27. Performing Hajj silently, not speaking.

28. Making Talbiyyah in a group in one voice.

29. Saying takbeer and ‘tahleel’ in place of the talbiyyah (when assuming iHraam).

30. Saying after talbiyyah “O Allaah I intend to make Hajj so make it easy for me and help me to perform its obligation and accept it from me. O Allaah I have intended to perform what You have make obligatory in Hajj so make me of those who have responded to You…” (Allaahumma innee ureedul Hajj fa yassirhu lee… )

31. Going to the mosques in and around Makkah apart from Masjid al-Haraam – like the mosque beneath Safaa, and that is the foot of the mountains of Abu Qubais, and the Mosque of the Birthplace, and the other mosques built upon vestiges of the Prophet.

32. Going to the hills and places around Makkah, like the Mountain of Hiraa, and the Mountain at Minaa – which is said to have contained the sacrifice, etc.

33. Going to perform prayer in the Mosque of ‘Aa’ishah at Tan’eem.

34. Making the sign of the cross in front of the House.(124)

  • Footnotes:

16. Bukhaaree with mu’allaq isnaad.

17. Narrated by Ad-Diyaa with saheeh isnaad.

18. Bukhaaree and Muslim. Saheeh Abi Dawud, (no.1590).

19. Abu Dawud, Tirmidhee. An-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah. See Saheeh Abi Dawud, (no.1592).

20. Hadith Hasan. (Saheeh ul-Jaami’, no.112)

21. Narrated by Sa’eed ibn Mansoor (See ‘al-Mahallaa’ (7/94)) with good isnaad. And Ibn Abi Shaibah with saheeh isnaad from al-Muttalib ibn ‘Abdullah (Fath-ul Baree: 3/324) and is mursal.

22. Muslim, see as-Saheehah, (no.2023).

23. Bukhaaree (no.769 in the Mukhtasar). At-Tayaalisee (no.1513), AHmad (6/32,…)

24. Ibn Abi Shaibah – see ‘al-Muhallaa (7/94-95) and its isnaad is saheeh.

25. Part of a saheeh hadith – ‘as-Saheehah’ (no.828) with the words: “Jibreel ordered me to raise the voice with ihlaal (talbiyyah) as it is one of the signs of Hajj.”

26. Ibn Khuzaimah and Baihaqi with saheeh isnaad.

27. Bukhaaree. And Ibn Hajr says: “And in the hadith is that the talbiyyah in valleys is from the Sunnah of the Prophets, and that it is more stressed in descending and ascending.”

28. AHmad (1/417) with good isnaad, and Al-Haakim and adh-Dhahabee authenticate it.

29. Bukhaaree and al-Baihaqi.

30. Bukhaaree, Saheeh Abi Dawud, (no.1630).

31. Bukhaaree, Saheeh Abi Dawud, (no.1929).

32. Al-Fakihee with hasan isnaad.

33. Hadith Hasan: “As-Saheehah, (no.2478)”.

34. Saheeh ul Kalim ut-Tayyibah.

35. Ibn Abi Shaibah with saheeh isnaad up to Ibn ‘Abbaas. Marfoo’an it is da’eef.

36. Baihaqi (5/72) with hasan isnaad….

124. This appears to refer to wiping the face and chest with the two hands resembling a cross.

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Written by al Muddaththir

January 26, 2005 at 2:15 pm

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