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Tawaaf of Quadoom (Arrival)

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah (swt), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

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  • Tawaaf of Quadoom (arrival):

27. Then he should go straight to the Black Stone and facing it make takbeer. And he may say `Bismillah’ before it – as it is authentically reported from Ibn `Umar, although not from the Prophet.

28. Then he touches the Black Stone with his hand and kisses it also, and makes sajda upon it also – as Rasoolullah did that, and `Umar, and Ibn `Abbaas. (37)

29. If he is not able to kiss it then he touches it with his hand then kisses his hand.

30. Then if he cannot touch it he should make a sign towards it with his hand.

31. And he does that in every circuit.

32. And he should not push and crowd to get to it according to the Prophet’s saying: O `Umar, you are a strong man, so do not harm the weak, and when you wish to touch it, then when it become free then touch it, and if not then face it and say takbeer. (38)

33. And there is in touching the Black Stone a great excellence as the Prophet said: “Allaah will raise up the Stone on the Day of Judgement, and will have two eyes with which it will see, and a tongue which it talks with, and it will give witness in favor of everyone who touched it in truth.”(39) And he said: “Touching the Black Stone and the Yemeni corner removes sins.”(40)”The Black Stone is from Paradise, and it used to be whiter that snow, but the sins of the idolaters turned it black.”(41)

34. Then he should begin making tawaaf around the Ka’bah – it being to his left – and he goes around past the Stone seven times – from the Stone to the Stone being one, wearing the iHraam under his right armpit and over the left (called al-idtibaa’)(42) throughout the tawaaf. And walking quickly and with boldness (ramal – a strong walk in which the shoulders are thrust forwards) in the first three, from the Stone to the Stone – then he walks normally in the rest.

35. And he touches the Yemeni corner with his hand each time he passes and does not kiss it, and if he is not able to touch it then he should not make any sign towards it with his hand at all.

36. And he should say between the two corners: “O Allaah gives us good in this life, and good in the Hereafter and save us from the Punishment of the Fire.”(43)

Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa ‘adhaaban naar [Soorat-ul-Baqarah ayah 201] (Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and defend us from the torment of the Fire.)

37. And he does not touch the two shaami corners at all following the sunnah of the Prophet. (44)

  • Iltizaam Between the Corner And the Door:

38. And he may cling to the place between the corner and the Door – placing his chest and face and forearms upon this place. (45)

39. And there is no particular dhikr for tawaaf – so he may read Qur’an or say any dhikr he pleases, according to the Prophet’s saying: Tawaaf around the House is prayer, except that Allah has allowed speech in it, so he who speaks then let him not say except, good things and in a narration: so let him limit his talk in it.”(46)

40. And it is forbidden for a naked person or a menstruating woman to make tawaaf of the House, as he said: A naked person may not make tawaaf of the House.”(47) And his saying to ‘Aa’ishah when she came to make ‘Umrah in the final Hajj: Do as anyone making Hajj does, except do not make tawaaf of the House (and do not pray) until you become clean. (48)

41. So when he finished the seventh round he covers his right shoulder and moves to the Place of Ibrahim and recites:

Wattakhidhoo min-maqaami ibraaheema musalla [Soorat-ul-Baqarah ayah 125] (And take ye the Station of Abraham as a place of prayer.)

42. And he places the Maqaami Ibraheem (Place of Abraham) between himself and the Ka’bah and then prays two rak’ahs.

43. And he recites therein Surat-ul-Kaafiroon and Surat-Qul Huwallaahu Ahad.

44. And he should not walk between the hands of any praying person there, nor allow anyone to walk in front of him while he is praying – as the ahadith forbidding that are general – and there is no established exception for the Haram Masjid, let alone the rest of Makkah. (49)

45. Then after praying he goes to Zamzam and drinks thereof, and pours some of the water onto his head, as he said: “Zamzam water is for what it drunk for”(50) and he said “It is blessed and it is a food and a cure for illness”(51) and he said: The best water upon the face of the earth is Zamzam water, in it is nourishment and a cure from illness. (52)

46. Then he returned to the Black Stone, says takbeer and touches it – as before.

  • Innovations Of Tawaaf:

35. Bathing for Tawaaf.

36. Wearing socks or similar footwear in order not to step upon bird excrement and covering his hands so as not to touch a woman.

37. The pilgrims praying Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid when he enters Masjid ul-Haraam.(125)

38. His saying: “I intend by my tawaaf these seven times such and such..”

39. Raising up the hands when touching the Black Stone as they are raised at the beginning of prayer.

40. To call out with kissing of the Black Stone.

41. Crowding in order to kiss the Black Stone, and preceding the imams’ saying salaam in order to do so.

42. Holding up the lower end of his garment when touching the Black Stone of Yemeni corner.

43. Saying when touching the Black Stone: (O Allaah out of belief in You and attesting to Your Book.)

44. Saying when touching the Black Stone: (O Allaah I seek Your refuge from pride and poverty and grade of disgrace in his world and the Hereafter.)

45. Placing the right hand upon the left while making tawaaf.

46. Saying in front of the door of the Ka’bah: (O Allah the House is Your House and the Sacred Area is Your Sacred Area, and the Safety is Your Safety) Then pointing towards the Station of Ibrahim – peace be upon him – saying: (And this is the place of the one who seeks Your refuge from the Fire.)

47. Making du’aa at the ‘Iraaqi corner saying: (O Allaah I seek Your refuge from doubt and shirk, and from hostility and hypocrisy, and had manners, and loss in money and family and children.)

48. Making du’aa beneath the water-spout saying: (O Allaah shade me under Your shade on the Day that there is no shade except Your shade.)

49. Making du’aa while doing raml, saying: (O Allaah make it an accepted Hajj, and forgiven sin, and a praiseworthy sa’ee, and a work that does not lead to nothing, O Mighty One, O Forgiving One.)

50. Saying on the last four rounds of Tawaaf: (O Allaah forgive and have mercy and forgive what You know, verily You are the Most Mighty, The Most Generous.)

51. Kissing the Yemeni corner.

52. Kissing the two shaami corners and touching them.

53. Wiping the walls of the Ka’bah and the Station Wiping the walls of the Ka’bah and the Station of Ibrahim – peace be upon him.

54. Seeking blessing from what they call ‘Al’Urwat al Wuthqaa’ and it is a high place Jutting out from the wall of the Ka’bah opposite to the Door, the common people claiming that one who touches it with his hand has clung on to ‘the most Trustworthy Hand-Hold.’

55. A peg at the center of the House, which they call ‘the Navel of the world’ -uncovering their navels and placing it upon that spot – so that he is putting his navel upon ‘the Navel of the world’.

56. Seeking to perform Tawaaf because it is raining claiming that one who does that has all of his previous sins forgiven.

57. Seeking blessing from the rainwater which descends from the Water-spout of Mercy on the Ka’bah.

58. Desisting from Tawaaf in a Garment that is not clean.

59. The pilgrims tipping what remains of the drink of Zamzam into the Well and saying. (O Allah I ask You for a plenteous provision, and beneficial knowledge, and a cure from every disease…)

60. Bathing in Zamzam.

61. Being careful to drench their bears in Zamzam, and also their money and clothes in order to bless them.

62. What is mentioned in some books of Fiqh regarding drinking Zamzam in many gulps, each time looking up at the Ka’bah.

  • Footnotes:

37. See ‘Al-Irwaa’, (no.1112).

38. Ash-Shafi’ee, AHmad and others – and it is a strong hadith as I have explained in ‘al-Hajj-ul-Kabeer’.

39. Authenticated by at-Tirmidhee, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibbaan, al-Haakim and Adh-Dhahabee. See ‘al-Hajj-ul-Kabeer’.

40. Made Hasan by at-Tirmidhee. Made Saheeh by Ibn Hibbaan and Adh-Dhahabee.

41. Made Saheeh by at-Tirmidhee and Ibn Khuzaimah.

42. Al-Idtibaa’ is bid’ah before this tawaaf, and after it.

43. Abu Dawud and others. Authenticated by many scholars. See Saheeh Abi Dawud, (no.1653).

44. Shaikh ul Islaam ibn Taimiyyah says: “As for the other parts of the House, and the Place of Ibraheem, and whatever is in the rest of the world mosques and their walls, and the graves of the prophets and good people – like the room of our Prophet, and cave of Ibraheem, and the place where our Prophet used to pray – and all other such places, and the rock at Jerusalem, then none of these are to be touched at all or kissed – by total agreement of the scholars. And as for tawaaf of these things – then it is one of the greatest and most forbidden bid’ahs – and he who takes that as part of his religion should be asked to repent – and if he refuses he killed”.

And ‘Abdur Razzaaq (no.8945) and AHmad and al-Baihaqi port from Ya’laa ibn Umayyah who said: “I made tawaaf with Umar ibn ul-Khattaab (and in a narration: with ‘Uthuzza) – may Allaah be pleased with him – so when I came to the corner of the Door I started to touch it so he said ‘Have you not made tawaaf with Rasoolullaah?’ I said: Yes. He said: ‘Then did you see him touch it?’ I said: No. He said: ‘Then do likewise for there is for you in Rasoolullah a good example'”.

45. This is narrated by two isnaads from the Prophet by which the hadith reaches the level of hasan – and is increased in strength by the fact that a group of the Sahaabah acted on it – from them Ibn ‘Abbaas – may Allaah be pleased with him – who said: “This is the Multazam between the Corner and the Door. And it is authentically narrated from ‘Urwah ibn az-Zubair also – see ‘As-Sahaabah, no.2138. And Ibn Taimiyyah said in his ‘Mansak’ (p.387): “And if he wishes to come to the Multazam – and that is what is between the Black stone and the Door – and he places upon it his chest and face and forearms and hands – and makes du’aa – and he asks Allaah for whatever he needs – then he may do so. And he may do so before the Farewell Tawaaf there being no difference in this being at that time or any other – and the Sahaabah used to do so when they entered Makkah – and if he stands near the Door making du’aa without iltizaam of the House then that is also good, and when he leaves he does not stand or turn or walk backwards.”

46. At-Tirmidhee and others, and the other narration is Tabraanis. And it is Saheeh: See also ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no.21). Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah said: “And there is no particular dhikr narrated from the Prophet, not by his order, or his saying, or by his teaching, rather he should make du’aa with any authentic du’aas – and the particular du’aas which many people mention like that for below the water-spout, etc. – there is no basis for them.

47. Bukhaaree and Muslim from Abu Hurairah, and Tirmidhee from ‘Alee and Ibn ‘Abbaas – see ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no.1102)

48. Bukhaaree and Muslim from ‘Aa’ishah, and Bukhaaree from Jaabir – and the addition is his. See ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no.191).

49. See the Introduction and the Original Book, (pp.21, 23 and 135).

50. Saheeh hadith – as a number of scholars have said. See ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no.1123) and ‘as-Saheehah’ (no.883).

51. Saheeh hadith narrated by at-Tayaalisee and others. See ‘as-Saheehah’ (no.1056).

52. Narrated by ‘ad-Diyaa’ in ‘Al-Mukhtaarah’ and others. See ‘as-Saheehah’ (no.1056)

125. For the greeting for the Haraam Mosque is tawaaf, then the praying behind the Station of Ibrahim and has preceded from the Prophet, from his action. And see ‘Al-Qawaa’id an-Nooraneeyah’ of Ibn Taimiyyah (pg.101)

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Written by al Muddaththir

January 25, 2005 at 2:21 pm

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