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Sa’ee Between Safaa And Marwah

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah (swt), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

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  • Sa’ee Between Safaa And Marwah:

47. The he goes off for sa’ee between Safaa and Marwah (two small hills). And when he reaches the foot of Safaa he reads Allaah ta’ala’s saying:

Innas-safaa wal marwata min sha’aa’irillaahi faman hajjal baita ‘awi`tamara falaa janaaha ‘alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa wa man tatawwa’a khiran fa’innallaaha shaakirun ‘aleemun [Soorat-ul-Baqarah ayah 158] (Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times should compass them round, it is no sin in them, and if any one obeys his own impulse to good, be sure that Allaah is He Who recognises and knows.) and says: Nabda’u bimaa bada’allaahu bihi (We begin with what Allaah began with.)

48. Then he begins with as-Safaa – climbing upon it until he can see the Ka’bah. (53)

49. Then he faces the Ka’bah – and makes Tawheed of Allaah and takbeer, saying (54)
Allaahu akbar Allaahu akbar allaahu akbar – laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalahu – lahul mul ku wa lahul hamdu – yuhyeeu wa yumeetu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai’in qadeer – laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalahu – anjaza wa’dahu wa nasara ‘ abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu

Saying that three times and making du’aa after each time. (55)

50. Then he descends for sa’ee between Safaa and Marwah, as Rasoolullah said: Make sa’ee as Allah has prescribed sa’ee for you. (56)

51. So he walks till he reaches the green sign-post – on the right and left – then runs quickly till he reaches the next sign-post. And this place was in the time of the Prophet a dried riverbed covered with small stones, and the Prophet said (57)(The river bed is not crossed except with vigour.) Then he walks up to Marwah and ascends it and does upon it as he did upon as-Safaa – facing the Qiblah, saying takbeer and tahleel and making du’aa (58) and that forms one complete circuit.

52. Then he returns till he ascends as-Safaa – walking in the place for walking, and running in the place for running – and that is a second circuit.

53. Then he returns to Marwah – and so on till he completes seven circuits finishing upon Marwah.

54. And it is permissible for him to go between Safaa and Marwah while riding. However the Prophet preferred to walk. (59)

55. And if he makes du’aa in sa’ee, saying: Rabbighfir warham innaka antal a’azzul akram (O lord forgive and have mercy, verily You are the Most Mighty, Most Noble) then there is no harm as it is authentically reported from a group of the Salaf. (60)

56. Then when he finishes from the seventh circuit upon al-Marwah he shortens the hair of his head (61) thus ending the ‘Umrah – and everything that became forbidden to him upon entering iHraam now becomes permissible again – and he remains in the state of hill (being out of iHraam) until Yaum ut-Tarwiyyah (8th Dhul-Hijjah).

57. And he who made iHraam not intending to make ‘Umrah before the Hajj – and not having brought the hadi (sacrificial animal) from outside sacred precincts then should also leave the state of iHraam in obedience to the Prophet’s order and in avoidance of his anger. Those, however, who have bought the sacrificial animal with them remain in iHraam and do not leave that state until after the stoning on the Day of Sacrifice (Yaum-un-Nahr) (10th Dhul-Hijjah).

  • Ihlaal (Calling Aloud With Talbiyyah) For Hajj On Yaum ut-Tarwiyyah:

58. So when it is Yaum ut-Tarwiyyah and that is the 8th of Dhul Hijjah – he puts on iHraam and calls out with the talbiyyah of Hajj, and does as he did when assuming iHraam for ‘Umrah which he did from the meeqaat – as regards bathing and putting on perfume, and wearing the ridaa and izaar (upper and lower garments) and reciting talbiyyah – which he does not cease to do until he has stoned Jamrat ul-Aqabah (on 10th Dhul-Hijjah).

59. And he assumes iHraam form the place he is resident in – the people resident in Makkah doing so from Makkah.

60. Then he goes off to Minaa and prays there the Zuhr prayer and remains there, spending the night there and praying the rest of the five daily prayers – shortening them (to two rak’ahs) but without combining them.

  • Innovations of Sa’ee Between Safaa and Marwah:

63. Making wudoo in order to walk between Safaa and Marwah with claim that he who does so has 70,000 ranks written for him for every step he takes.

64. Climbing right up Safaa until reaching the wall.

65. Making du’aa when descending from Safaa, saying: (O Allaah make me act according to the Sunnah of Your Prophet, and cause me to die upon his religion, and protect me from the misleading trials, by Your Mercy, O Most Merciful One.)

66. Saying while making Sa’ee: (O Allah forgive and have mercy and pass over what You Know…etc)(126)

67. Making fourteen circuits and thus finishing upon Safaa.

68. Doing Sa’ee repetitively in Hajj or `Umrah.

69. Praying two rak’ahs after completing Sa’ee.

70. Continuing to perform the Sa’ee between Safaa and Marwah after the Iqaamah has been given for prayer – so that they miss prayer in congregation.

71. Saying a particular du’aa upon reachin Minaa, like that which occurs in “Ihyaa `Uloom ud Deen”: (O Allah this is Minaa…) And when he leaves saying: (O Allah make the best early morning ever this early morning…)

  • Footnotes:

53. It is not easy these days to see the Ka’bah except from certain points on as-Safa; it can be seen from the pillar which supports the second storey of the mosque, so he who is able to do so has attained the Sunnah, and if not then let him try his best and there is no harm.

54. (An-Nawawi) adds in ‘Al-Adhkaar’: Laa ilaaha illallaahu walaa na’budu illaa iyyaahu, and I do not find this addition in any narration of the hadith- either Muslim or anyone else who records the hadith…

55. That is after the tahleels – making du’aa for whatever he wishes from the good of this world and the Hereafter – and the best thing is that it should be something reported from the Prophet or the pious predecessors (Salaf ul-Saalih).

56. And contrary to what some mistakenly say it is a sahih hadith. See ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no.1072).

57. Reported by an-Nasaa’ee and others – see ‘Al-Hajj ul-Kabeer. Note: The following text appears in ‘al-Mughnee’ of Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (3/394): “And all the woman’s tawaaf and sa’ee is done walking, Ibn al-Mundhir says: Scholars are agreed that there is no raml (walking quickly) upon the women around the Ka’bah or between Safaa and Marwah – nor uncovering the right shoulder (idtibaa’). And that is because the principle of it is uncovering the skin – and that is not desired from women – what is required from them is to cover – and in walking quickly (raml) and idtibaa’ uncovering occurs.” And in ‘Al-Majmoo’ of an-Nawawee (8/75) there appears what shows that there is difference of opinion in the matter between the Shafi’ee scholars, he says:” There are two sayings in that. Firstly, and this is correct upon which the Jumhoor (majority) of scholars agree: That she should not run at all – but walk whether in the night or day. Secondly, that it is mustaHabb for her to run at night when there is no one around (to see her) in the place of running – just as for men.” I (Al-Albanee) say: “And perhaps that is more correct – as the origin of sa’ee (running) is the sa’ee of Haajar mother of Imaa’eel – seeking water for her thirsty son as occurs in the hadith of Ibn ‘Abbaas: “And she found as-Safaa to be the nearest hill to her so she stood upon it, then turned towards the river-bed to see if she could see anyone – so she went down from as-Safaa till she reached the river-bed, raising up the border of her dress – and running fast till she crossed the river-bed then she came to Marwah and stood upon it to see if she could see anyone, and she could not see anyone – and she did that seven times. Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Prophet said: ‘And that is the sa’ee of the people between these two'”. (Narrated by Bukhaaree in the Book of the Prophets)

58. As for seeing the Ka’bah – it is not possible now because of the building between it and the Ka’bah – so should try his best to face the Ka’bah and not do as the confused people do, who raise up their eyes and hands to the sky!

59. Narrated by Abu Nu’aim in his ‘Mustakhraj of Sahih Muslim’.

60. Narrated by Ibn Abi Shaibah (4/68.69) from Ibn Mas’ood and Ibn ‘Umar – May Allah be pleased with them – with two sahih isnaads. And from Al-Musayyib ibn Raafi’ al-Kaahilee and ‘Urwah ibn az-Zubair. And at-Tabraani narrates it from the Prophet but its isnaad is da’eef (weak) – ‘Al-Mujmi’ (3/248).

61. Or shaves it if there is sufficient time between his ‘Umrah and Hajj for his hair to grow enough (see Fath ul Baari, 3/444).

126. What has been authentically reported as a practice of Ibn Mas’ood and Ibn ‘Umar is the same that has preceded (see point no.55).

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Written by al Muddaththir

January 24, 2005 at 2:28 pm

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