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Proceeding To ‘Arafah

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah (swt), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

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  • Proceeding To ‘Arafah

61. So after the sun rises on the Day of ‘Arafah (10th Dhul-Hijjah) – he moves off towards ‘Arafah (a large plain to the south-east of Makkah), while reciting talbiyyah of takbeer – as both of these were practised by the Companions of the Prophet while making Hajj with him – and he did not criticize either (those reciting talbiyyah of those reciting takbeer.)(62)

62. Then he stops at Namirah (63) – and it is a place near to ‘Arafah but not forming part of it – and he remains there until noon.

63. So When the sun passes its zenith he moves to ‘Uranah and settles there, (64) and it is next to ‘Arafah – and here the Imaam should give an appropriate Khutbah to the people.

64. Then he prays with the people Zuhr and ‘Asr shortening and combining them in the time of the Zuhr prayer.

65. And one adhaan is given and two iqaamahs.

66. And he does not pray anything between the two prayers. (65)

67. And he who is not able to pray along with the Imaam – then he prays them in the same way on his own – or with those in similar situation around him. (66)

  • Standing In ‘Arafah:

68. Then he goes off to ‘Arafah and if able stands upon the rocks beneath the Mount of Mercy (Jabal ur-Rahmah) and if not then all of ‘Arafah is place of standing.

69. And he stands facing the Qiblah, raising his hands making du’aa and reciting talbiyyah.

70. And he recites much ‘La ilaaha illallaah’ as it is the best du’aa on the Day of ‘Arafah as the Prophet said: The best thing that I and the Prophets have said on the evening of ‘Arafah is Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lah lahul mulk wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in qadeer.6 (67)

71. And if he adds in the talbiyyah occasionally (all good is the good of the Hereafter) then that is permissible. (68) Innamal Khairu Khairul Aakhirati

72. And it is Sunnah for the one standing in ‘Arafah not to fast that day.

73. And he remains in that state, remembering Allaah reciting talbiyyah, making du’aa as he wishes – hoping from Allaah that He will make him one of those whom He boasts of (those whom He frees from Fire) to the Angels as occurs in the hadith:”There is no day on which Allaah frees more of His slaves from Fire than the Day of ‘Arafah, and He verily draws near then boasts of them before the angles, saying:’What do they seek?’ “(69) And in another hadith: “Verily Allaah boasts of the people of ‘Arafah before the people of heaven (the angels), saying: ‘Look to my servants who have come to Me dishevelled and dusty.'”(70) And he remains in that state until the sun sets.

  • Leaving ‘Arafah:

74. So when the sun has set he leaves ‘Arafah for Muzdalifah – going with calmness and tranquillity, not jostling or pushing the people with himself or his riding beast or his vehicle, rather whenever he finds room then he goes faster.

75. And when reaching Muzdalifah he gives adhaan and iqaamah then prays the three rak’ahs of Maghrib, then gives iqaamah and prays ‘Ishaa – shortening it – and joining the two prayers.

76. And if he separates the two prayers for some necessity then there is no harm in that. (71)

77. And he does not pray anything between them or after ‘Ishaa. (72)

78. Then he sleeps until Fajr.

79. Then when the dawn first appears he prays Fajr in the first part of its time with adhaan and iqaamah.

  • Innovations of `Arafah:

72. Standing upon the Mount of `Arafah on the Eight Day for a time in case the moon was wrongly sighted.

73. The lighting of many candles on the night of `Arafah at Minaa.

74. Making du’aa on the night of `Arafah with ten phrases – saying them a thousand times: (Glory be to Him Whose Throne is above the sky…)

75. Their going direct from Makkah to `Arafah on the eight day.

76. Tarvelling to `Arafah from Minaa at night.

77. Lighting fires and candles upon the Mount of `Arafah on the night of `Arafah.

78. Bathing for the day of `Arafah.

79. Saying when nearing `Arafah and upon seeing the Mount of Mercy (Jabal ur-Rahmah): subHaanallaah walhamdulillaah wa…

80. Seeking to go off to the Plain of `Arafah before the time for standing which is after half the day.

81. Saying Tahleel 100 times upon `Arafah, then reading Surat ul-Ikhlaas, then upon the Prophet 100 times at the end upon us.

82. Remaining silent upon `Arafah and leaving du’aa.

83. Climbing upon the Mount of Mercy (Jabal ur-Rahmah).

84. Entering the Dome upon the Mount of Mercy which they call “The Dome of Adam” and praying in it, and making Tawaaf of it.

85. Believing that Allah ta’ala descends in the night of `Arafah upon the Dark Green Mountain and shakes hands with the riders and embraces those who are walking.

86. The imams giving two Khutbahs in `Arafah divinding them by sitting like that of Jumu’ah.

87. Praying Zuhr and `Asr before the Khutbah.

88. Giving adhaan for Zuhr and `Asr in `Arafah before the finish of the Khutbah.

89. The imams saying to the people of Makkah after finishing the prayer in `Arafah: “Complete your prayers for we are travellers.”

90. Praying nafl prayers between Zuhr and `Asr in `Arafah.

91. Particularizing a certain du’aaa or dhikr for `Arafah, like the du’aa of al-Khidr – peace be upon him – which is mentioned in “Ihyaa `Uloom ud-Deen” and begins “O Him Who is not preoccupied with…” and other du’aas – some of them reaching five written pages.

92. Leaving `Arafah before sunset as some do.

93. What has become commmon upon the tongues of the people that the satanding in `Arafah on Yawm ul Jumu’ah is equivalent to 72 pilgrimages.

94. What some people do as regards gathering together on the evening of `Arafah in congregational mosques or in a foreign place – them making du’aa and dhikr raising their voices very much, reciting sermons and poetry, in imitating the people in `Arafah.

  • Footnotes:

62. Narrated by Bukhaaree and Muslim

63. 64. 63,64. This stopping and that after it may be difficult to perform these days due to the crowd of people, so if he goes past it to ‘Arafah then it is alright insh’Allah. Shaikh ul Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah says in ‘al-Fataawaa’ (26:128): As for that which is from the sunnah of Rasoolullah – staying in Minaa on Yaum -ut-Tarwiyyah and for that night, then stopping at ‘Urahah’, which is between the Mash’ar ul Haraam and going from there to ‘Arafah, and the giving of Khutbah and the two prayers on the way in the middle of ‘Uranah’- then this is as agreed upon by scholars – whereas many writers do not bring it to notice – and most people do not know due to the prevalence of invented practices.”

65. I say: “And also it is not reported that the Prophet prayed anything before Zuhr or after ‘Asr in this place – or in any of his journeys – and it is not established that he prayed any supplementary prayers in any of his journeys except the two sunnahs of Fajr and the Witr.

66. Bukhaaree narrates it from Ibn ‘Umar with mu’allaq isnaad. See ‘Mukhtasar-al-Bukhaari’ (3/89/25).

67. Hasan or Sahih hadith. With more than one isnaad – refer to ‘As-Saheehah, (no.1503)’.

68. As that is established from the Prophet – as is explained in the Original.

69. Narrated by Muslim and others. See ‘At-Targheeb’ (2/129).

70. Narrated by AHmad and others – and authenticated by a number of scholars – as I have explained in ‘Takhreej ut-Targheeb’.

71. This was said by Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah, its being established from the Prophet and his companions, in al-Bukhaari (25/94/801) (Mukhtasar al-Bukhaari).

72. Ibn Taimiyyah says: “And when he reaches Muzdalifah he prays Maghrib before making the camels kneel down if possible, then after making them kneel they pray ‘Ishaa – and if they delay the ‘Ishaa somewhat then there is no harm.”


Written by al Muddaththir

January 23, 2005 at 2:33 pm

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