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The Sacrifice

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the Name of Allah (swt), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

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  • The Sacrifice:

95. Then he comes to the place of sacrifice in Mina and sacrifices his animal – and that is the Sunnah.

96. However, it is permissible for him to slaughter in any other part of Mina or Makkah as the Prophet said: I have slaughtered here and all of Mina is a place for slaughtering, and all of the mountain pass approaches, so slaughter on your place of stopping. (77)

97. And the Sunnah is to do the dhabh (slaughter by a horizontal cut through the throat) or Nahr (slaughter by a vertical movement of the spear to the lower part of the throat) with own hand if possible, and if not, then to depute someone else to do it.

98. And he should make the animal face the Qiblah when slaughtering (78), making it lie down on its left side and putting his right foot upon its right side. (79)

99. As for the camel then he should slaughter it by means of Nahr… while it is standing having its left leg tied, standing on its others (80) with its face towards the Qiblah. (81)

100. And he says when slaughtering: Bismillaahi Wallaahu Akbar Al-Laahumma Inna Hadha Minka Wa Laka (82) Al Lahumma Taqabbal Minnee (83)

(In the name of Allah and Allah is greater. O Allah this is from You and for You. O Allah accept it from me.)

101. And the time for slaughter is the four days of ‘Eid – Yaum-un-Nahr, and that is called ‘Yaum ul-Hajj-ul-Akbar’ (Day of the greatest Hajj)(84) and the three days of Tashreeq, as the Prophet said: “All the days of Tashreeq are for sacrifice. (85)

102. And he may eat from the meat of his sacrificial animal and take some back with him to his land as the Prophet did.

103. And he should give some it to feed the poor and the needy as Allah ta’ala says (86)

(The sacrificial camels We have made for you as among the Symbols from Allah: in them is (much) good for you: then pronounce the name of Allah over them as they line up (for sacrifice): when they are down on their side (after slaughter), eat ye thereof, and feed such as (beg not you) live in contentment and such as beg with due humility.)[Soorat-ul-Hajj ayah 36]

104. And seven people may share in one camel or cow.

105. And he who cannot afford a sacrificial animal should fast three days in Hajj and seven when he returns to his family.

106. And he may fast the three days of Tashreeq according to the hadith of ‘Aa’ishah and Ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – who said: “No permission was given for us to fast the days of Tashreeq except for those who could not afford a sacrificial animal. (87)

107. Then he shaves all of his hair off or shortens it. – And the first is better as the Prophet said: “O Allah have mercy on those who shave their heads. They (the people) said ‘and those who shorten their hair O Rasoolullah.’ He said: O Allah have mercy on those who save their heads. They said: ‘and those who shorten their hair O Rasoolullah’ He added on the fourth time: And those who shorten their hair”(88)

108. And the Sunnah is for the barber to begin with the right side of the head as occurs in the hadith of Anas. (89)

109. And shaving the hair is just the for men and not for the women – they have to shorten only as the Prophet said: “There is no shaving of the hair for women, verily upon women is shortening of the hair. (90).” So she should together her hair and shorten it by the length of a finger-joint. (91)

110. And it is Sunnah for the Imaam to give a khutbah on the Day of Sacrifice in Minaa (92) between the Jamaraat (93) in the forenoon (94) to teach the people to rites of Hajj. (95)

  • Tawaaf Ul Ifaada:

111. The he goes off that day to the House and makes Tawaaf – seven times around – as has preceded in the Tawaaf of arrival – except that he does not wear iHraam under his right shoulder – nor does he perform raml in this Tawaaf.

112. And it is from the Sunnah to pray two rak’ahs behind the Station of Ibrahim – as Az-Zuhree (96) said, and Ibn ‘Umar did so (97), and said: “For every seven times around there are two rak’ahs.”(98)

113. Then he walks and runs between Safaa and Marwah as before – except for one doing Hajj of Qirran or Ifraad – the first sa’ee being enough for them.

114. And after this tawaaf everything again becomes lawful for him that became unlawful due to iHraam – even the woman (sexual intercourse).

115. And he prays Zuhr at Makkah, and Ibn ‘Umar says: At Minaa. (99)

116. And he comes to Zamzam and drinks from it.

  • Innovations of Sacrifice and Shaving the Head:

114. Giving charity to the value of sacrifice instead of making the obligatory sacrifice of an animal, declaring that most of the sacrificial meat goes to waste – only a few people benefitting from it.(128)

115. Some people’s sacrificing the obligatory sacrifice in Makkah before the Day of Sacrifice.

116. The barbers starting with the left side of the head when shaving.

117. Only shaving a quarter of the head.

118. Al-Ghazzalis saying in “Ihyaa `Uloom ud-Deen”: “And the Sunnah is to face the Qiblah during shaving.”

119. Making du’aa while the head is shaved, saying: alhamdu lillaahi `alaa maa hadaana

120. Making tawaaf of the mosques near the Pillars.

121. Holding it recommendable to pray `Eid Prayer in Minaa.

122. The mutamatti’s leaving out sa’ee after Tawaaf Ifaadah.

  • Footnotes:

77. I say: And there is in this hadith two great allowances for the pilgrims – and a solution for most of the problems of the piling up of slaughtered animals in the slaughter- house – which has led to those in control there to have to bury some in the earth – and he who wishes to see the matter more fully laid out should return to the Original (pp.82-988).

78. And there is a hadith from the Prophet narrated by Jaabir – reported by Abu Dawud and others – see ‘AL-Irwaa’ (no.1138) and another by Baihaqi (9/289). And it is narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that he liked the animal to be made to face the Qiblah when slaughtered. And Abdur-Razzaaq (no.8585) narrates with sahih isnaad from ibn ‘Umar, that he disliked to eat from an animal slaughtered facing other than the Qiblah.

79. Al-Haafiz (Ibn Hajr) says (10/16): “That it will be easier for the one slaughtering to take the knife in his right hand, and to hold its head with his left.” I say: And causing it to die down and placing the foot on its side is what is narrated by Bukhaaree and Muslim.

80. Sahih Abi Dawud (no.1550). And there is after it a supporting hadith from Ibn’ Umar like it – narrated by Bukhaaree and Muslim.

81. Narrated by Maalik with sahih isnaad reaching Ibn ‘Umar and Bukhaaree brings it in a chapter heading while signifying its authenticity Mukhtasar of Bukhaaree no.330).

82. Reported by Abu Dawud and others narrated by Jaabir – and it has support from the hadith of Abu Sa’eed al Khudree reported by Abu Ya’laa – as occurs in ‘al-Majma’ (4/22) – see “Al-Irwaa’ (no.1118).

83. Reported by Muslim and others from ‘Aa’ishah – see ‘AL-Irwaa’ – and Ibn Taimiyyah in his book ‘Al-Mansik’ added: “……..(As You accepted from Ibrahim whom You took as a chosen friend)”, and I cannot find it in any of the books of Sunnah which are with me.

84. Reported by Bukhaaree with mu’allaq isnaad (see Glossary). Its isnaad is joined by Abu Dawud and others. See Sahih Abi Dawud (nos.1700, 1701).

85. Reported by AHmad, authenticated by Ibn Hibbaan, and I hold it to be authentic due to its multiple lines of transmission. See ‘As-Saheehah’ (no.2476).

86. Al Qaani’ is the one who asks. And Al Mu’tarr is the one who begs by displaying the weakness of his body.

87. Narrated by Bukhaaree and others. See ‘Irwa ul Ghaleel’ (no.964). As for Ibn Taimiyyah’s saying (p.388) “And the Mutamatti’ must fast part of the three days before putting of the iHraam for Hajj on the Day of Tarwiyya” – I do not know any proof for it. Rather it seems to go against the clear meaning of the ayah and hadith, and Allah knows best.

88. Reported by Bukhaaree and Muslim and others from the hadith of Ibn ‘Umar and others – see ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no.1084).

89. Reported by Muslim and others, see ‘Al-Irwaa’ (no.1089), and Sahih Abi Dawud (no.1730). And this is one of those matters in which Ibn al Hammaam the Hanaafi scholar agrees that the Hanaafi scholars have gone against the Sunnah. So what have the blind followers to say of that?

90. Sahih hadith – ‘Al Ahaadith us-Saheehah’ (no.605), Sahih Abi Dawud (no.1732).

91. Ibn Taimiyyah says: “And if he shortens it he draws it together and shortens it up to the length of a finger joint or less – or more, and the woman does not shorten in excess of that – as for the man he may shorten it as much as he pleases.”

92. Report by Bukhaaree and Abu Dawud from a number of the companions – see Sahih Abi Dawud (nos.1705, 1707,1709,1710) and ‘Mukhtasar ul-Bukhaaree’ (no.847).

93. Narrated by Bukhaaree with mu’allaq isnaad – connected by Abu Dawud. See Sahih Abi Dawud (no.1700) and ‘Irwaa ul Ghaleel’ (no.1064).

94. 95. 94,95. Narrated by Abu Dawud and others. See Sahih Abi Dawud (no.1710)

96. Narrated by Bukhaaree with mu’allaq isnaad. Connected by Ibn Abi Shaibah and others. See ‘Mukhtasar al Bukhaaree’ (no.319, 1/p.386).

97. Narrated by Bukhaaree with mu’allaq isnaad. Connected by Abdur-Razzaaq. See ‘Mukhtasar al Bukhaaree’ (no.318).

98. Narrated by ‘Abd ur-Razzaaq (no.9012) with sahih isnaad from Ibn ‘Umar.

99. I say: And Allaah knows better which of them Rasoolullah did – and it may be that he prayed twice with them – the first being Fard and the second nafl as he did in some of his battles.

128. And this is one of the worst innovations because of what it involves regarding twisting the Shari’ah which is clearly shown in the Book and Sunnah merely on account of opinion. And the chief responsibility for the lack of total use of the meat lies upon the pilgrims themselves, because they do not when sacrificing take account of the directions of the Wise Legislator – as is shown in the Original (pg.87-88)

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Written by al Muddaththir

January 21, 2005 at 2:42 pm

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